The Kansas trial court system consists of District Courts, County Courts, and Municipal Courts.
District Courts have general jurisdiction over all civil and criminal cases, but typically only handle cases beyond the jurisdiction of other courts. Some cities in Kansas also have Municipal Courts, with limited jurisdiction over city ordinance violations.
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Kansas District CourtsDistrict Courts generally handle all civil and criminal cases, unless another court exercises jurisdiction over the case.
District Courts may have specialized court divisions based on case type, including Civil, Criminal, Domestic Relations, Probate, Juvenile, and Limited Actions. Limited Actions may include Small Claims and Traffic cases. Other divisions may exist, including Drug Court or Youth Court, which are special programs that focus on rehabilitation in response to certain types of crimes.
There may be District Judges and District Magistrate Judges in a District Court. District Magistrate judges have limited jurisdiction to preside over certain types of cases.
Kansas County CourtsSedgwick County Court handles enforcement of county codes and resolutions inlcuding nuisance citations, traffic infractions, parking violations, and misdemeanors committed in unincorporated areas of the county. It also handles violations by parents who fail to pick up their children from the Juvenile Intake and Assessment Center, and illegal dumping and trespassing in the "Big Ditch" area.
At this time, only Sedgwick County has a County Court.
Kansas Municipal CourtsMunicipal Courts have limited jurisdiction to hear cases involving violations of city ordinances, such as traffic offenses or minor criminal offenses. Municipal Courts do not offer jury trials.
Where to find court cases in KansasThe chart below gives general information on the types of cases heard in each type of court in Kansas.