Kansas Courts Overview
It helps to understand how the Kansas state court system works when you’re trying to find court records. The Kansas trial court system consists of District Courts, County Courts, and Municipal Courts.
District Courts have general jurisdiction over all civil and criminal cases, but typically only handle cases beyond the jurisdiction of other courts. Some cities in Kansas also have Municipal Courts, with limited jurisdiction over city ordinance violations.
If you prefer, you can start your search by going to Kansas courts by county.
Kansas District CourtsDistrict Courts generally handle all civil and criminal cases, unless another court exercises jurisdiction over the case.
District Courts may have specialized court divisions based on case type, including Civil, Criminal, Domestic Relations, Probate, Juvenile, and Limited Actions. Limited Actions may include Small Claims and Traffic cases. Other divisions may exist, including Drug Court or Youth Court, which are special programs that focus on rehabilitation in response to certain types of crimes.
There may be District Judges and District Magistrate Judges in a District Court. District Magistrate judges have limited jurisdiction to preside over certain types of cases.
Kansas County CourtsSedgwick County Court handles enforcement of county codes and resolutions inlcuding nuisance citations, traffic infractions, parking violations, and misdemeanors committed in unincorporated areas of the county. It also handles violations by parents who fail to pick up their children from the Juvenile Intake and Assessment Center, and illegal dumping and trespassing in the "Big Ditch" area.
At this time, only Sedgwick County has a County Court.
Kansas Municipal CourtsMunicipal Courts have limited jurisdiction to hear cases involving violations of city ordinances, such as traffic offenses or minor criminal offenses. Municipal Courts do not offer jury trials.
Where to Find Court Cases in Kansas
The chart below gives general information on the types of cases heard in each type of Kansas court.
|Case Type||Court Type|
|Civil||District Courts||County Courts||Municipal Courts|
|General Civil - Unlimited|
|General Civil - Limited|
|Foreclosures and Liens|
|Real Estate Title and Boundary|
|Landlord / Tenant|
|Protection, No Contact, and Restraining Orders|
|Administrative Agency Appeals|
|Criminal||District Courts||County Courts||Municipal Courts|
|Felony Preliminary Hearings|
|Traffic and Infractions|
|Domestic Relations||District Courts||County Courts||Municipal Courts|
|Child Custody and Visitation|
|Domestic Violence Protection Order|
|Juvenile||District Courts||County Courts||Municipal Courts|
|Child Abuse and Neglect|
|Termination of Parental Rights|
|Children in Need of Supervision|
|Mental Health||District Courts||County Courts||Municipal Courts|
|Other Mental Health Cases|
|Probate||District Courts||County Courts||Municipal Courts|
|Wills & Estates|
|Guardianships and Conservatorships|