The Guide to Arizona Court Records

Overview of Arizona Courts

The Arizona trial court system consists of Superior Courts, Justice Courts, Municipal Courts, and Tax Court.
 
Superior Courts are general jurisdiction courts that typically only handle cases beyond the jurisdiction of other courts. Superior Courts have specialized divisions for certain types of cases, including a Tax Court division. Justice Courts and Municipal Courts have limited jurisdiction over certain types of civil and criminal cases.

Please select a Arizona county below to view directory of all courts with links to court record resources for each court.
Find Arizona court pages by Town or Zip Code.
Select a court record or online resource category below to view all resources at both the statewide and county level.
Go to the court records pages for another state.
Arizona Superior Courts
Superior Courts have general jurisdiction over all civil and criminal cases, except when jurisdiction is limited by law or exclusively assigned to another court. If no other court has jurisdiction to handle a particular case, Superior Courts have jurisdiction.

Superior Courts have original jurisdiction over civil cases including probate, estate, divorce, annulment of marriage, disputes over title and possession to real property, civil cases involving claims for $10,000 or more (exclusive of interest and costs), the legality of municipal ordinances, actions for forcible entry and detainer, proceedings in insolvency, actions to prevent or stop a nuisance, and naturalization. Superior Courts share jurisdiction with Justice Courts for civil cases involving claims for $5,001 - $10,000, exclusive of interest and costs.

Superior Courts have exclusive jurisdiction over felony criminal cases, but preliminary hearings for felony cases can happen in lower courts. Superior Courts share jurisdiction with Justice Courts over misdemeanors when the potential penalty does not exceed $2,500 or imprisonment for six months.
Arizona Justice Courts
Justice Courts have limited jurisdiction over civil and criminal cases.

Criminal cases heard by Justice Courts include felony preliminary hearings, misdemeanors and criminal offenses punishable by a fine of less than $2,500 or less than six months in county jail.

Justice Courts have original jurisdiction over all civil actions that involve claims for $5,000 or less, exclusive of interest or costs. Justice Courts also handle cases involving the possession of real property, such as landlord-tenant cases, if the title or ownership of the property is not in dispute.

Justice Courts have Small Claims Court divisions that handle most civil cases when the amount in dispute is less than $2,500, exclusive of interest and costs. The Small Claims division will not handle certain types of cases, including defamation, slander, libel, class action lawsuits, specific performance, injunctive relief, disputes over the title of real property, lawsuits against the State or its employees, traffic violations and criminal cases. There is no right to a jury trial in the Small Claims Division.

Justice Courts share jurisdiction with Superior Courts over civil cases with disputes worth between $5,001 - $10,000, exclusive of interest and costs.

Some Justice Courts share jurisdiction with Municipal Courts over traffic violations.
Arizona Municipal Courts
Municipal Courts have limited jurisdiction over misdemeanor crimes and petty offenses committed in their city or town, including criminal traffic cases and violations of city ordinances and codes. They may also hear civil traffic cases and issue protection orders or anti-harassment injunctions.

Municipal Courts share jurisdiction with Justice Courts over violations of State law committed within the limits of the city or town. Municipal Courts also share jurisdiction with some Justice Courts over traffic violations.

Some cities and towns may refer to their Municipal Court as a City Court or Magistrate Court. Magistrate Courts and Municipal Courts were once separate types of courts in the Arizona court system. After a statewide consolidation, Municipal Courts now have the duties and jurisdiction of both the former Municipal and Magistrate courts.
Arizona Tax Court
The Arizona Tax Court hears cases regarding disputes over the imposition, assessment or collection of any state or local tax. It has statewide jurisdiction and hears cases involving property taxes, municipal sales taxes, and state taxes. It cannot hear cases regarding federal taxes.

There is a Small Claims Division of the Tax Court that hears certain cases regarding owner-occupied residences, real estate with an assessed value of one million dollars or less, and disputes over a state or local tax of less then five thousand dollars. The Small Claims Division offers a simplified court process.

Both Tax Court and Tax Court Small Claims cases are heard in Maricopa County and the Clerk of the Maricopa County Superior Court serves as the Tax Court Clerk of Court.
Arizona Tribal Courts
Several Native American nations in Arizona operate their own independent judicial systems. The courts in these judicial systems are known as Tribal Courts. Tribal Courts have some civil and criminal jurisdiction and their orders may be enforced by the Arizona state court system.
Arizona Court Notes
Orders of Protection:

Injunctions Against Harassment and Domestic Violence Protection Orders can generally be filed in Superior Courts, Justice Courts and Municipal Courts. If a Domestic Violence Protection Order involves pending cases for paternity, maternity, annulment or divorce, the request must be filed in Superior Court.

Specialty Court Programs:

Some Arizona courts have programs that provide treatment and social services in lieu of incarceration for some non-violent offenders with substance abuse or mental health problems. Examples include DUI/Drug Court in Coconino County, Drug Court in Maricopa County Superior Court, and Tucson Veterans Court and Tucson City Court Mental Health Division in Tucson City Court in Pima County.

Where to find court cases in Arizona
The chart below gives general information on the types of cases heard in each type of court in Arizona.
 
Most Cases = Most or all cases.     Some Cases = Some cases.

Case Type Court Type
Civil Superior Courts Justice Courts Municipal Courts
General Civil - Unlimited
Most or all General Civil - Unlimited cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
General Civil - Limited
Some General Civil - Limited cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Most or all General Civil - Limited cases can be found in the Justice Courts
 
Small Claims
 
Most or all Small Claims cases can be found in the Justice Courts
 
Civil Equity
Most or all Civil Equity cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Complex Commercial
Most or all Complex Commercial cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Foreclosures and Liens
Most or all Foreclosures and Liens cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Some Foreclosures and Liens cases can be found in the Justice Courts
 
Real Estate Title and Boundary
Most or all Real Estate Title and Boundary cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Landlord / Tenant
Some Landlord / Tenant cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Most or all Landlord / Tenant cases can be found in the Justice Courts
 
Ordinance Violations
 
Some Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the Justice Courts
Some Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the Municipal Courts
Protection, No Contact, and Restraining Orders
Most or all Protection, No Contact, and Restraining Orders cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Some Protection, No Contact, and Restraining Orders cases can be found in the Justice Courts
 
Administrative Agency Appeals
Most or all Administrative Agency Appeals cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Criminal Superior Courts Justice Courts Municipal Courts
Felony
Most or all Felony cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Felony Preliminary Hearings
Some Felony Preliminary Hearings cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Some Felony Preliminary Hearings cases can be found in the Justice Courts
Some Felony Preliminary Hearings cases can be found in the Municipal Courts
Misdemeanors
Some Misdemeanors cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Some Misdemeanors cases can be found in the Justice Courts
Some Misdemeanors cases can be found in the Municipal Courts
Ordinance Violations
 
Some Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the Justice Courts
Some Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the Municipal Courts
Juvenile
Most or all Juvenile cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Traffic and Infractions
 
Some Traffic and Infractions cases can be found in the Justice Courts
Some Traffic and Infractions cases can be found in the Municipal Courts
Domestic Relations Superior Courts Justice Courts Municipal Courts
Divorce
Most or all Divorce cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Child Custody and Visitation
Most or all Child Custody and Visitation cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Child Support
Most or all Child Support cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Paternity
Most or all Paternity cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Domestic Violence Protection Order
Most or all Domestic Violence Protection Order cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Some Domestic Violence Protection Order cases can be found in the Justice Courts
 
Juvenile Superior Courts Justice Courts Municipal Courts
Adoptions
Most or all Adoptions cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Juvenile Delinquency
Most or all Juvenile Delinquency cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Child Abuse and Neglect
Most or all Child Abuse and Neglect cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Termination of Parental Rights
Most or all Termination of Parental Rights cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Children in Need of Supervision
Most or all Children in Need of Supervision cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Mental Health Superior Courts Justice Courts Municipal Courts
Involuntary Commitments
Most or all Involuntary Commitments cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Other Mental Health Cases
Most or all Other Mental Health Cases cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Probate Superior Courts Justice Courts Municipal Courts
Wills & Estates
Most or all Wills & Estates cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Name Changes
Most or all Name Changes cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Some Name Changes cases can be found in the Justice Courts
 
Trusts
Most or all Trusts cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Guardianships and Conservatorships
Most or all Guardianships and Conservatorships cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 

Note: Some courts in Arizona are not included in the chart above. Please use the following links for descriptions and types of cases heard:
 
  Tax Court

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