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The Guide to Arizona Court Records


The Arizona trial court system consists of Superior Courts, Justice Courts, Municipal Courts, and Tax Court.
 
Superior Courts are general jurisdiction courts that typically only handle cases beyond the jurisdiction of other courts. Superior Courts have specialized divisions for certain types of cases, including a Tax Court division. Justice Courts and Municipal Courts have limited jurisdiction over certain types of civil and criminal cases.

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Please select a Arizona county below to view directory of all courts with links to court record resources for each court. Find Arizona court pages by Town or Zip Code. Select a court record or online resource category below to view all resources at both the statewide and county level. Go to the court records pages for another state.
 


 
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Arizona Superior Courts

Superior Courts have general jurisdiction over all civil and criminal cases, except when jurisdiction is limited by law or exclusively assigned to another court. If no other court has jurisdiction to handle a particular case, Superior Courts have jurisdiction.

Superior Courts have original jurisdiction over civil cases including probate, estate, divorce, annulment of marriage, disputes over title and possession to real property, civil cases involving claims for $10,000 or more (exclusive of interest and costs), the legality of municipal ordinances, actions for forcible entry and detainer, proceedings in insolvency, actions to prevent or stop a nuisance, and naturalization. Superior Courts share jurisdiction with Justice Courts for civil cases involving claims for $5,001 - $10,000, exclusive of interest and costs.

Superior Courts have exclusive jurisdiction over felony criminal cases, but preliminary hearings for felony cases can happen in lower courts. Superior Courts share jurisdiction with Justice Courts over misdemeanors when the potential penalty does not exceed $2,500 or imprisonment for six months.

Arizona Justice Courts

Justice Courts have limited jurisdiction over civil and criminal cases.

Criminal cases heard by Justice Courts include felony preliminary hearings, misdemeanors and criminal offenses punishable by a fine of less than $2,500 or less than six months in county jail.

Justice Courts have original jurisdiction over all civil actions that involve claims for $5,000 or less, exclusive of interest or costs. Justice Courts also handle cases involving the possession of real property, such as landlord-tenant cases, if the title or ownership of the property is not in dispute.

Justice Courts have Small Claims Court divisions that handle most civil cases when the amount in dispute is less than $2,500, exclusive of interest and costs. The Small Claims division will not handle certain types of cases, including defamation, slander, libel, class action lawsuits, specific performance, injunctive relief, disputes over the title of real property, lawsuits against the State or its employees, traffic violations and criminal cases. There is no right to a jury trial in the Small Claims Division.

Justice Courts share jurisdiction with Superior Courts over civil cases with disputes worth between $5,001 - $10,000, exclusive of interest and costs.

Some Justice Courts share jurisdiction with Municipal Courts over traffic violations.

Arizona Municipal Courts

Municipal Courts have limited jurisdiction over misdemeanor crimes and petty offenses committed in their city or town, including criminal traffic cases and violations of city ordinances and codes. They may also hear civil traffic cases and issue protection orders or anti-harassment injunctions.

Municipal Courts share jurisdiction with Justice Courts over violations of State law committed within the limits of the city or town. Municipal Courts also share jurisdiction with some Justice Courts over traffic violations.

Some cities and towns may refer to their Municipal Court as a Magistrate Court. Magistrate Courts and Municipal Courts were once separate types of courts in the Arizona court system. After a statewide consolidation, Municipal Courts now have the duties and jurisdiction of both the former Municipal and Magistrate courts.

Arizona Tax Court

The Arizona Tax Court hears cases regarding disputes over the imposition, assessment or collection of any state or local tax. It has statewide jurisdiction and hears cases involving property taxes, municipal sales taxes, and state taxes. It cannot hear cases regarding federal taxes.

There is a Small Claims Division of the Tax Court that hears certain cases regarding owner-occupied residences, real estate with an assessed value of one million dollars or less, and disputes over a state or local tax of less then five thousand dollars. The Small Claims Division offers a simplified court process.

Both Tax Court and Tax Court Small Claims cases are heard in Maricopa County and the Clerk of the Maricopa County Superior Court serves as the Tax Court Clerk of Court.

Arizona Tribal Courts

Several Native American nations in Arizona operate their own independent judicial systems. The courts in these judicial systems are known as Tribal Courts. Tribal Courts have some civil and criminal jurisdiction and their orders may be enforced by the Arizona state court system.

Arizona Court Notes

Orders of Protection:

Injunctions Against Harassment and Domestic Violence Protection Orders can generally be filed in Superior Courts, Justice Courts and Municipal Courts. If a Domestic Violence Protection Order involves pending cases for paternity, maternity, annulment or divorce, the request must be filed in Superior Court.

Specialty Court Programs:

Some Arizona courts have programs that provide treatment and social services in lieu of incarceration for some non-violent offenders with substance abuse or mental health problems. Examples include DUI/Drug Court in Coconino County, Drug Court in Maricopa County Superior Court, and Tucson Veterans Court and Tucson City Court Mental Health Division in Tucson City Court in Pima County.

Where to find court cases in Arizona

The chart below gives general information on the types of cases heard in each type of court in Arizona.
 

Most Cases = Most or all cases.     Some Cases = Some cases.

Case Type Court Type
CivilSuperior CourtsJustice CourtsMunicipal Courts
General Civil - Unlimited
 Most or all General Civil - Unlimited cases can be found in the Superior Courts
  
General Civil - Limited
 Some General Civil - Limited cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 Most or all General Civil - Limited cases can be found in the Justice Courts
 
Small Claims 
 Most or all Small Claims cases can be found in the Justice Courts
 
Civil Equity
 Most or all Civil Equity cases can be found in the Superior Courts
  
Complex Commercial
 Most or all Complex Commercial cases can be found in the Superior Courts
  
Foreclosures and Liens
 Most or all Foreclosures and Liens cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 Some Foreclosures and Liens cases can be found in the Justice Courts
 
Real Estate Title and Boundary
 Most or all Real Estate Title and Boundary cases can be found in the Superior Courts
  
Landlord / Tenant
 Some Landlord / Tenant cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 Most or all Landlord / Tenant cases can be found in the Justice Courts
 
Ordinance Violations 
 Some Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the Justice Courts
 Some Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the Municipal Courts
Protection, No Contact, and Restraining Orders
 Most or all Protection, No Contact, and Restraining Orders cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 Some Protection, No Contact, and Restraining Orders cases can be found in the Justice Courts
 
Administrative Agency Appeals
 Most or all Administrative Agency Appeals cases can be found in the Superior Courts
  
CriminalSuperior CourtsJustice CourtsMunicipal Courts
Felony
 Most or all Felony cases can be found in the Superior Courts
  
Felony Preliminary Hearings
 Some Felony Preliminary Hearings cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 Some Felony Preliminary Hearings cases can be found in the Justice Courts
 Some Felony Preliminary Hearings cases can be found in the Municipal Courts
Misdemeanors
 Some Misdemeanors cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 Some Misdemeanors cases can be found in the Justice Courts
 Some Misdemeanors cases can be found in the Municipal Courts
Ordinance Violations 
 Some Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the Justice Courts
 Some Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the Municipal Courts
Juvenile
 Most or all Juvenile cases can be found in the Superior Courts
  
Traffic and Infractions 
 Some Traffic and Infractions cases can be found in the Justice Courts
 Some Traffic and Infractions cases can be found in the Municipal Courts
Domestic RelationsSuperior CourtsJustice CourtsMunicipal Courts
Divorce
 Most or all Divorce cases can be found in the Superior Courts
  
Child Custody and Visitation
 Most or all Child Custody and Visitation cases can be found in the Superior Courts
  
Child Support
 Most or all Child Support cases can be found in the Superior Courts
  
Paternity
 Most or all Paternity cases can be found in the Superior Courts
  
Domestic Violence Protection Order
 Most or all Domestic Violence Protection Order cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 Some Domestic Violence Protection Order cases can be found in the Justice Courts
 
JuvenileSuperior CourtsJustice CourtsMunicipal Courts
Adoptions
 Most or all Adoptions cases can be found in the Superior Courts
  
Juvenile Delinquency
 Most or all Juvenile Delinquency cases can be found in the Superior Courts
  
Child Abuse and Neglect
 Most or all Child Abuse and Neglect cases can be found in the Superior Courts
  
Termination of Parental Rights
 Most or all Termination of Parental Rights cases can be found in the Superior Courts
  
Children in Need of Supervision
 Most or all Children in Need of Supervision cases can be found in the Superior Courts
  
Mental HealthSuperior CourtsJustice CourtsMunicipal Courts
Involuntary Commitments
 Most or all Involuntary Commitments cases can be found in the Superior Courts
  
Other Mental Health Cases
 Most or all Other Mental Health Cases cases can be found in the Superior Courts
  
ProbateSuperior CourtsJustice CourtsMunicipal Courts
Wills & Estates
 Most or all Wills & Estates cases can be found in the Superior Courts
  
Name Changes
 Most or all Name Changes cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 Some Name Changes cases can be found in the Justice Courts
 
Trusts
 Most or all Trusts cases can be found in the Superior Courts
  
Guardianships and Conservatorships
 Most or all Guardianships and Conservatorships cases can be found in the Superior Courts
  

Note: Some courts in Arizona are not included in the chart above. Please use the following links for descriptions and types of cases heard:
 
  Tax Court


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