The Guide to Georgia Court Records

Overview of Georgia Courts

The Georgia trial court system consists of Superior Courts, State Courts, Juvenile Courts, Probate Courts, Magistrate Courts, Civil Courts, Municipal Courts, and Recorder's Courts.
 
Superior Courts have general jurisdiction over all types of cases, but typically only handle cases that are beyond the jurisdiction of other courts. Courts with limited jurisdiction over certain types of cases include State Courts, Magistrate Courts, Juvenile Courts, Probate Courts, Municipal Courts, Civil Courts, and Recorder's Courts.

Please select a Georgia county below to view directory of all courts with links to court record resources for each court.
Find Georgia court pages by Town or Zip Code.
Select a court record or online resource category below to view all resources at both the statewide and county level.
Go to the court records pages for another state.
Georgia Superior Courts
Superior Courts have general jurisdiction over all civil and criminal cases, but typically only handle cases that are beyond the jurisdiction of other courts.

Criminal cases heard by Superior Court include felonies and lesser-included offenses.

Civil cases heard by Superior Court include equity, title to real property and domestic relations.

Each Superior Court has a Family Court division with jurisdiction over divorce and related cases that involve children, such as child support, custody, child abuse, domestic violence, legitimacy and paternity.

Family Court divisions may hear other types of cases, including cases transferred to a Family Court division from other courts.
Georgia State Courts
State Courts have limited jurisdiction over certain types of civil and criminal cases.

Criminal cases handled by State Courts include misdemeanor criminal cases and traffic offenses.

Civil cases handled by State Courts include all civil actions not within the exclusive jurisdiction of Superior Courts.

State Courts may share some jurisdiction with other types of courts.
Georgia Juvenile Courts
Juvenile Courts have exclusive original jurisdiction over cases involving children alleged to be delinquent, unruly, deprived, or in need of treatment due to mental illness or “mental retardation.”

Juvenile Courts also handle juvenile traffic offenses and cases involving judicial consent for minors when required for marriage, employment, enlistment, abortion and other circumstances.

Juvenile Courts may handle certain cases for termination of parental rights and other types of juvenile matters, including child custody, paternity or child support cases related to pending Juvenile Court cases or referred by another court.

Juvenile Courts share jurisdiction with Superior Courts over certain crimes committed by juveniles, but Juvenile Courts do not have jurisdiction over certain serious criminal cases that are within the exclusive jurisdiction of Superior Courts, such as murder, rape and armed robbery.
Georgia Probate Courts
Probate Courts have exclusive original jurisdiction to handle cases involving the probate of wills, the administration of estates, guardianships of minors or “incompetent” persons, and other types of probate cases.

If authorization is granted to a Probate Court, other cases may be heard, including some traffic cases, some fish and game ordinance violations, and some criminal commitment hearings.
Georgia Magistrate Courts
Magistrate Courts have limited jurisdiction over certain types of civil and criminal cases. Magistrate Courts do not offer jury trials, and if a proper request is made for a jury trial, the case will be transferred to a Superior Court or State Court.

Criminal cases handled by Magistrate Courts include preliminary hearings, some minor criminal offenses and county ordinance violations.

Civil jurisdiction includes most general civil claims with less than $15,000 in dispute.

Cases typically handled by Magistrate Courts include landlord-tenant cases and deposit account fraud (bad checks).
Georgia Civil Courts
Macon-Bibb and Augusta-Richmond Counties have Civil Courts that handle civil cases involving less than $25,000 in dispute. Civil Courts may offer jury trials to eligible cases. Judges and clerks of Civil Court are also judges and clerks of Magistrate Court.
Georgia Municipal Courts
Some municipalities have established Municipal Courts with limited jurisdiction to handle municipal ordinance violations and preliminary hearings for certain criminal cases.

Some Municipal Courts may share jurisdiction with other courts for certain minor criminal offenses.
Georgia Recorder's Courts
Recorder's Courts handle traffic infractions, city and county ordinance violations, some criminal cases and preliminary hearings for criminal cases.
Georgia Accountability Courts
Some Georgia Courts have special divisions for certain types of cases. These divisions are generally referred to as Accountability Courts but are part of existing courts. Accountability Courts offer comprehensive social services as an alternative to incarceration or other penalties in certain types of criminal and juvenile cases.

Accountability Courts focus on rehabilitation and personal responsibility. Various types of Accountability Courts exist and the services offered vary across the state. Accountability Courts include Adult/Felony Drug Courts, DUI Courts, Juvenile Drug Courts, Family Dependency Treatment Courts, Mental Health Courts, Juvenile Mental Health Courts, Child Support Problem Solving Courts, and Veterans Courts.

Adult/Felony Drug Courts are currently available in the judicial circuits of Appalachian, Atlanta, Atlantic, Augusta, Bell-Forsyth, Blue Ridge, Brunswick, Chattahoochee, Cherokee, Clayton, Cobb, Conasauga, Coweta, Dubln, Eastern, Enotah, Griffin, Gwinnett, Macon, Mountain, Northeastern, Ocmulgee, Ogeechee, Pataula, Piedmont, Stone Mountain, Tallapoosa, Towaliga, Waycross and Western.

DUI Courts are currently available in the judicial circuits of Atlanta, Atlantic, Augusta, Bell-Forsyth, Blue Ridge, Clayton, Cobb, Coweta, Eastern, Flint, Gwinnett, Northeastern, Ogeechee, Rockdale, Stone Mountain and Western.

Family Dependency Treatment Courts are currently available in the judicial circuits of Appalachian, Atlanta, Augusta, Cherokee, Cobb, Coweta, Douglas, Eastern, Enotah and Northeastern.

Juvenile Drug Courts are currently available in the judicial circuits of Alcovy, Appalachian, Atlanta, Bell-Forsyth, Chattahoochee, Cobb, Coweta, Dublin, Macon, Ocmulgee, Rockdale and Stone Mountain.

Mental Health Courts are currently available in the judicial circuits of Appalachian, Atlanta, Augusta, Bacon, Chattahoochee, Cobb, Dougherty, Eastern, Enotah, Flint, Macon, Northeastern, Ocmulgee, Piedmont, South Georgia, Stone Mountain and Western.

Juvenile Mental Health Courts are currently available in the judicial circuits of Eastern and Stone Mountain.

Child Support Problem Solving Courts are currently available in the judicial circuits of Augusta, Coweta, Flint, Northeastern, Stone Mountain, and Western.

Veterans Courts are currently available in the judicial circuits of Augusta, Chattahoochee, Eastern, and Towaliga.

Where to find court cases in Georgia
The chart below gives general information on the types of cases heard in each type of court in Georgia.
 
Most Cases = Most or all cases.     Some Cases = Some cases.

Case Type Court Type
Civil Superior Courts State Courts Juvenile Courts Probate Courts Magistrate Courts Civil Courts Municipal Courts Recorder's Courts
General Civil - Unlimited
Most or all General Civil - Unlimited cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Some General Civil - Unlimited cases can be found in the State Courts
 
 
 
 
 
 
General Civil - Limited
Some General Civil - Limited cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Some General Civil - Limited cases can be found in the State Courts
 
 
Some General Civil - Limited cases can be found in the Magistrate Courts
Some General Civil - Limited cases can be found in the Civil Courts
 
 
Small Claims
 
 
 
 
Most or all Small Claims cases can be found in the Magistrate Courts
Some Small Claims cases can be found in the Civil Courts
 
 
Civil Equity
Most or all Civil Equity cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Complex Commercial
Most or all Complex Commercial cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Foreclosures and Liens
Some Foreclosures and Liens cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Some Foreclosures and Liens cases can be found in the State Courts
 
 
Some Foreclosures and Liens cases can be found in the Magistrate Courts
Some Foreclosures and Liens cases can be found in the Civil Courts
 
 
Real Estate Title and Boundary
Most or all Real Estate Title and Boundary cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Some Real Estate Title and Boundary cases can be found in the Probate Courts
 
 
 
 
Landlord / Tenant
Some Landlord / Tenant cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Some Landlord / Tenant cases can be found in the State Courts
 
 
Some Landlord / Tenant cases can be found in the Magistrate Courts
Some Landlord / Tenant cases can be found in the Civil Courts
 
 
Ordinance Violations
 
 
 
Some Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the Probate Courts
Most or all Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the Magistrate Courts
 
Most or all Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the Municipal Courts
Most or all Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the Recorder
Protection, No Contact, and Restraining Orders
Most or all Protection, No Contact, and Restraining Orders cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Administrative Agency Appeals
Most or all Administrative Agency Appeals cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
Some Administrative Agency Appeals cases can be found in the Juvenile Courts
 
 
 
 
 
Criminal Superior Courts State Courts Juvenile Courts Probate Courts Magistrate Courts Civil Courts Municipal Courts Recorder's Courts
Felony
Most or all Felony cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Felony Preliminary Hearings
Some Felony Preliminary Hearings cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Some Felony Preliminary Hearings cases can be found in the State Courts
Some Felony Preliminary Hearings cases can be found in the Juvenile Courts
Some Felony Preliminary Hearings cases can be found in the Probate Courts
Some Felony Preliminary Hearings cases can be found in the Magistrate Courts
 
Some Felony Preliminary Hearings cases can be found in the Municipal Courts
Some Felony Preliminary Hearings cases can be found in the Recorder
Misdemeanors
Some Misdemeanors cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Most or all Misdemeanors cases can be found in the State Courts
 
Some Misdemeanors cases can be found in the Probate Courts
Most or all Misdemeanors cases can be found in the Magistrate Courts
 
 
Some Misdemeanors cases can be found in the Recorder
Ordinance Violations
 
Some Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the State Courts
 
Some Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the Probate Courts
Some Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the Magistrate Courts
 
Some Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the Municipal Courts
Some Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the Recorder
Juvenile
Some Juvenile cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
Most or all Juvenile cases can be found in the Juvenile Courts
 
 
 
 
 
Traffic and Infractions
 
Some Traffic and Infractions cases can be found in the State Courts
Some Traffic and Infractions cases can be found in the Juvenile Courts
Some Traffic and Infractions cases can be found in the Probate Courts
 
 
Most or all Traffic and Infractions cases can be found in the Municipal Courts
Most or all Traffic and Infractions cases can be found in the Recorder
Domestic Relations Superior Courts State Courts Juvenile Courts Probate Courts Magistrate Courts Civil Courts Municipal Courts Recorder's Courts
Divorce
Most or all Divorce cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Child Custody and Visitation
Most or all Child Custody and Visitation cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
Some Child Custody and Visitation cases can be found in the Juvenile Courts
Some Child Custody and Visitation cases can be found in the Probate Courts
 
 
 
 
Child Support
Most or all Child Support cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
Some Child Support cases can be found in the Juvenile Courts
 
 
 
 
 
Paternity
Most or all Paternity cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
Some Paternity cases can be found in the Juvenile Courts
Some Paternity cases can be found in the Probate Courts
 
 
 
 
Domestic Violence Protection Order
Most or all Domestic Violence Protection Order cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Juvenile Superior Courts State Courts Juvenile Courts Probate Courts Magistrate Courts Civil Courts Municipal Courts Recorder's Courts
Adoptions
Most or all Adoptions cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Juvenile Delinquency
 
 
Most or all Juvenile Delinquency cases can be found in the Juvenile Courts
 
 
 
 
 
Child Abuse and Neglect
 
 
Most or all Child Abuse and Neglect cases can be found in the Juvenile Courts
 
 
 
 
 
Termination of Parental Rights
 
 
Most or all Termination of Parental Rights cases can be found in the Juvenile Courts
 
 
 
 
 
Children in Need of Supervision
 
 
Most or all Children in Need of Supervision cases can be found in the Juvenile Courts
 
 
 
 
 
Mental Health Superior Courts State Courts Juvenile Courts Probate Courts Magistrate Courts Civil Courts Municipal Courts Recorder's Courts
Involuntary Commitments
 
 
Some Involuntary Commitments cases can be found in the Juvenile Courts
Most or all Involuntary Commitments cases can be found in the Probate Courts
 
 
 
 
Other Mental Health Cases
Some Other Mental Health Cases cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
Some Other Mental Health Cases cases can be found in the Juvenile Courts
Most or all Other Mental Health Cases cases can be found in the Probate Courts
 
 
 
 
Probate Superior Courts State Courts Juvenile Courts Probate Courts Magistrate Courts Civil Courts Municipal Courts Recorder's Courts
Wills & Estates
 
 
 
Most or all Wills & Estates cases can be found in the Probate Courts
 
 
 
 
Name Changes
Most or all Name Changes cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Trusts
 
 
 
Most or all Trusts cases can be found in the Probate Courts
 
 
 
 
Guardianships and Conservatorships
Some Guardianships and Conservatorships cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
Some Guardianships and Conservatorships cases can be found in the Juvenile Courts
Most or all Guardianships and Conservatorships cases can be found in the Probate Courts
 
 
 
 

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