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The Guide to Florida Court Records


The Florida trial court system consists of Circuit Courts, County Courts, and Miami-Dade County Courts.
 
Circuit Courts have general jurisdiction over all civil and criminal cases, but typically handle cases beyond the jurisdiction of County Courts. County Courts have limited jurisdiction over certain types of civil and criminal cases. Miami-Dade County has a different organizational structure for its trial court system and divides jurisdiction between courts differently than the rest of the state.

Find court records by county Find court records by town or zip code Find court resources by category Find court records in other states
Please select a Florida county below to view directory of all courts with links to court record resources for each court. Find Florida court pages by Town or Zip Code. Select a court record or online resource category below to view all resources at both the statewide and county level. Go to the court records pages for another state.
 


 
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Florida Circuit Courts

Circuit Courts have general jurisdiction over all civil and criminal cases, but typically only handle cases beyond the jurisdiction of County Courts.

Criminal cases handled by Circuit Courts include felonies and lesser-included offenses.

Civil cases handled by Circuit Courts include general civil claims for more than $15,000, exclusive of interest, costs or attorney fees. Circuit Courts handle some landlord-tenant cases, all actions involving the title or boundaries of real property and most cases that seek injunctive relief.

Circuit Courts also handle abuse prevention orders, family law cases, probate matters, mental health cases and juvenile matters. Family law cases heard by Circuit Courts include divorce, child custody and child support. Probate cases include wills, trusts, estates and guardianships. Mental Health cases include involuntary hospitalization. Juvenile cases include child protection cases and most juvenile delinquency cases.

County Courts generally handle juvenile traffic offenses and also offer a simplified procedure for some divorce cases.

Miami-Dade County has a different organizational structure for its trial court system and divides jurisdiction between courts differently than the rest of the state.

Florida County Courts

County Courts have limited jurisdiction over certain types of civil and criminal cases.

Criminal cases heard by County Courts include most misdemeanors and violations of municipal and county ordinances. County Courts also handle some juvenile traffic cases.

County Courts handle most civil and equity cases when the amount in controversy is less than $15,000, exclusive of interest, costs or attorney fees. County Courts share jurisdiction with Circuit Courts over disputes in certain homeowners' associations and most landlord-tenant cases. County Courts also offer a simplified Small Claims procedure for eligible general civil claims within financial limits.

County Courts also handle simplified or uncontested divorce and civil dissolution cases.

County Courts may issue temporary orders for emergency hospitalization if the Circuit Court judge for the county is unavailable and if jurisdiction to issue temporary orders is authorized by the Circuit Court.

Miami-Dade County has a different organizational structure for its trial court system and divides jurisdiction between courts differently than the rest of the state.

Florida Miami-Dade County Courts

Courts in Miami-Dade County are organized differently than courts in other Florida counties.

In Miami-Dade County, the jurisdiction of Circuit Court and County Court is combined and organized into several divisions, including Civil Court, Criminal Court, Family Court, Juvenile Court and Traffic Court.

The Civil Court division is organized into sections for Circuit Civil and County Civil cases. The Circuit Civil section handles most civil cases when the amount in dispute is more than $15,000. The County Civil section offers a simplified Small Claims procedure for most cases with less than $5000 in dispute. The County Civil section also handles general civil cases with up to $15,000 in dispute and landlord-tenant cases.

The Criminal Court division is organized into sections for Circuit Criminal and County Criminal cases. The Circuit Criminal section handles felonies and related criminal cases. The County Criminal section handles misdemeanor criminal cases, certain civil infractions and municipal ordinance violations. Some county ordinance violations will be handled by the Code Enforcement office.

The Family Court division handles domestic relations and probate cases. Cases typically heard in Family Courts include divorce, dissolution of marriage, child custody, child support, paternity, adoption, name change, estates, guardianships and mental health cases.

The Juvenile Court division handles juvenile delinquency and juvenile dependency cases, including termination of parental rights.

The Traffic Court division handles all traffic citations.

In addition to the court divisions, Miami-Dade County also has separate District Courts with limited jurisdiction over certain types of cases. District Courts handle some civil cases within Circuit Court and County Court jurisdiction, including general civil, small claims, divorce and name changes. District Courts also handle traffic offenses and parking violations.

District Courts operate in Caleb, Coral Gables, Hialeah, North Dade Justice Center, South Dade Justice Center and the Sweetwater Sub-Office.

Where to find court cases in Florida

The chart below gives general information on the types of cases heard in each type of court in Florida.
 

Most Cases = Most or all cases.     Some Cases = Some cases.

Case Type Court Type
CivilCircuit CourtsCounty Courts
General Civil - Unlimited
 Most or all General Civil - Unlimited cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
 
General Civil - Limited
 Some General Civil - Limited cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
 Most or all General Civil - Limited cases can be found in the County Courts
Small Claims 
 Most or all Small Claims cases can be found in the County Courts
Civil Equity
 Most or all Civil Equity cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
 Some Civil Equity cases can be found in the County Courts
Complex Commercial
 Most or all Complex Commercial cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
 
Foreclosures and Liens
 Some Foreclosures and Liens cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
 Some Foreclosures and Liens cases can be found in the County Courts
Real Estate Title and Boundary
 Most or all Real Estate Title and Boundary cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
 
Landlord / Tenant
 Some Landlord / Tenant cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
 Some Landlord / Tenant cases can be found in the County Courts
Ordinance Violations 
 Most or all Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the County Courts
Protection, No Contact, and Restraining Orders
 Most or all Protection, No Contact, and Restraining Orders cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
 
Administrative Agency Appeals
 Most or all Administrative Agency Appeals cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
 
CriminalCircuit CourtsCounty Courts
Felony
 Most or all Felony cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
 
Felony Preliminary Hearings
 Most or all Felony Preliminary Hearings cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
 Some Felony Preliminary Hearings cases can be found in the County Courts
Misdemeanors
 Some Misdemeanors cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
 Most or all Misdemeanors cases can be found in the County Courts
Ordinance Violations 
 Most or all Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the County Courts
Juvenile
 Most or all Juvenile cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
 Some Juvenile cases can be found in the County Courts
Traffic and Infractions 
 Most or all Traffic and Infractions cases can be found in the County Courts
Domestic RelationsCircuit CourtsCounty Courts
Divorce
 Most or all Divorce cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
 Some Divorce cases can be found in the County Courts
Child Custody and Visitation
 Most or all Child Custody and Visitation cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
 
Child Support
 Most or all Child Support cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
 
Paternity
 Most or all Paternity cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
 
Domestic Violence Protection Order
 Most or all Domestic Violence Protection Order cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
 
JuvenileCircuit CourtsCounty Courts
Adoptions
 Most or all Adoptions cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
 
Juvenile Delinquency
 Most or all Juvenile Delinquency cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
 Some Juvenile Delinquency cases can be found in the County Courts
Child Abuse and Neglect
 Most or all Child Abuse and Neglect cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
 
Termination of Parental Rights
 Most or all Termination of Parental Rights cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
 
Children in Need of Supervision
 Most or all Children in Need of Supervision cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
 
Mental HealthCircuit CourtsCounty Courts
Involuntary Commitments
 Most or all Involuntary Commitments cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
 
Other Mental Health Cases
 Most or all Other Mental Health Cases cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
 
ProbateCircuit CourtsCounty Courts
Wills & Estates
 Most or all Wills & Estates cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
 
Name Changes
 Most or all Name Changes cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
 
Trusts
 Most or all Trusts cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
 
Guardianships and Conservatorships
 Most or all Guardianships and Conservatorships cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
 

Note: Some courts in Florida are not included in the chart above. Please use the following links for descriptions and types of cases heard:
 
  Miami-Dade County Courts


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