The Ohio trial court system consists of Courts of Common Pleas, County Courts, Municipal Courts, Mayor's Courts, and Court of Claims.
The Courts of Common Pleas have general jurisdiction over all civil and criminal cases and typically handle cases beyond the jurisdiction of other courts. County Courts, Municipal Courts and Mayor's Courts have limited jurisdiction over certain types of cases. The Court of Claims is a specialized court that handles certain types of civil cases against the State of Ohio and its agencies.
|Find court records by county||Find court records by town or zip code||Find court resources by category||Find court records in other states|
|Please select a Ohio county below to view directory of all courts with links to court record resources for each court.||Find Ohio court pages by Town or Zip Code.||Select a court record or online resource category below to view all resources at both the statewide and county level.||Go to the court records pages for another state.|
Ohio Courts of Common PleasThe Courts of Common Pleas have general jurisdiction over all civil and criminal cases, but generally only handles cases that are beyond the jurisdiction of other courts.
Courts of Common Pleas have separate divisions for general, domestic relations, juvenile and probate cases.
The General division in a Court of Common Pleas handles civil cases, criminal cases, and appeals from most administrative agencies.
The Domestic Relations division handles cases that include divorce, child custody and child support.
The Juvenile division handles cases that include offenses involving minors and most paternity cases.
The Probate division handles cases that include wills, estates, trusts, guardianships, mental illness and adoptions.
Ohio County CourtsCounty Courts have jurisdiction over certain types of civil and criminal cases.
Criminal cases heard by County Courts include misdemeanors, felony preliminary hearings, most violations of township resolutions and some vehicle parking cases.
Civil cases heard by County Courts include most general civil claims for less than $15,000. County Courts have exclusive original jurisdiction for cases involving less than $500 dollars, and original jurisdiction in cases where no party seeks more than $15,000.
Civil cases typically heard by County Courts include actions for the recovery of money or personal property, contract cases, certain collection actions, interpleader, replevin, forcible entry and detainer, and certain nuisance cases.
County Courts may handle certain types of cases that involve title or boundaries of real property.
County Courts share some jurisdiction with the Mayor's Court over violations of municipal ordinances and criminal traffic cases.
Ohio Municipal CourtsMunicipal Courts have jurisdiction over certain types of civil and criminal cases that may vary by court.
Criminal and quasi-criminal cases heard by Municipal Courts include criminal violations of township resolutions, violations of municipal ordinances, some parking violations and any misdemeanor crime committed within its territory. Municipal Courts also handle preliminary hearings in felony criminal cases.
Civil cases heard by Municipal Courts include most general civil claims for less than $15,000. Cases typically heard by Municipal Courts include actions for the recovery of money or personal property, contract cases, certain collection actions, interpleader, replevin, forcible entry and detainer, and certain public nuisance cases. Municipal Courts also handle civil ordinance violations and certain temporary protection orders.
Some Municipal Courts have Housing or Environmental divisions. These specialized divisions may hear some criminal cases and civil jurisdiction is not subject to financial limits. Environmental and Housing divisions of Municipal Courts also have greater jurisdiction over certain types of cases, including exclusive jurisdiction in some civil actions related to healthy and safety codes, ordinances and regulations.
Ohio Mayor's CourtsMayor's Courts have jurisdiction over certain types of civil and criminal cases.
Criminal and quasi-criminal cases heard by Mayor's Courts includes violations of municipal ordinances, some parking violations and some criminal traffic cases.
Civil cases are heard in the Small Claims division, which has jurisdiction over most general civil claims for less than $3,000, exclusive of interest and costs.
Ohio Court of ClaimsThe Ohio Court of Claims has original jurisdiction over civil cases against the State of Ohio and its agencies.
Cases handled by the Court of Claims include contract disputes, property damage, personal injury, discrimination and wrongful imprisonment.
The Court of Claims has a simplified administrative procedure for claims seeking less than $2,500. Claims related to the Victims of Crime Act are first heard by a panel of commissioners and can be appealed to the judge of the Court of Claims.
The Court of Claims handles cases for the entire state from one location in Columbus.
Ohio Court NotesIn several counties, the Clerk of the Court of Common Pleas is also the clerk for the County Courts and Municipal Courts.
Some counties have established specialized divisions in various courts,including Drug Courts, Mental Health Courts and Diversion programs.
Where to find court cases in OhioThe chart below gives general information on the types of cases heard in each type of court in Ohio.
Note: Some courts in Ohio are not included in the chart above. Please use the following links for descriptions and types of cases heard:
Court of Claims