Criminal cases heard by District Courts include felonies, gross misdemeanors and lesser-included offenses.
Civil cases heard by District Courts include general civil claims with more than $10,000 in dispute, family law cases, juvenile cases and cases related to abuse and neglect.
Each District Court has a Family Court division with jurisdiction over certain types of cases, including divorce, parentage, abuse prevention, juvenile matters and involuntary hospitalization.
Family Court divisions share jurisdiction with Justice Courts over orders of protection against domestic violence. Family Court divisions share jurisdiction with District Courts over claims for damages that arise out of domestic violence.
Criminal cases heard by Justice Courts include misdemeanors.
Civil cases heard by Justice Courts include most general civil claims for less than $10,000, exclusive of interest. Justice Courts also hear other types of civil claims within financial limits, including landlord-tenant, some liens, and collection actions for fines, penalties, forfeitures or taxes. Justice Courts also have a simplified Small Claims procedure for certain types of civil claims within financial limits.
Justice Courts also handle some cases involving orders of protection against domestic violence, orders of protection against workplace harassment and orders of protection against stalking.
Justice Courts cannot hear cases with disputes over boundaries or title to real property, mining claims or disputes over the validity of a tax or assessment or fine.
Criminal cases heard by Municipal Courts include misdemeanor violations of city ordinances and other violations of municipal ordinances.
Civil cases heard by Municipal Courts include violations of municipal ordinances, actions to stop nuisances, some tax collection and other types of claims for less than $2500 that are brought by the city or its agents.
Municipal Courts cannot hear claims related to the validity of a tax, assessment or levy, or the title to real property. Claims beyond the jurisdiction of a Municipal Court will be transferred to a court with jurisdiction over the case.
|Case Type||Court Type|
|Civil||District Courts||Justice Courts||Municipal Courts|
|General Civil - Unlimited|
|General Civil - Limited|
|Foreclosures and Liens|
|Real Estate Title and Boundary|
|Landlord / Tenant|
|Protection, No Contact, and Restraining Orders|
|Administrative Agency Appeals|
|Criminal||District Courts||Justice Courts||Municipal Courts|
|Felony Preliminary Hearings|
|Traffic and Infractions|
|Domestic Relations||District Courts||Justice Courts||Municipal Courts|
|Child Custody and Visitation|
|Domestic Violence Protection Order|
|Juvenile||District Courts||Justice Courts||Municipal Courts|
|Child Abuse and Neglect|
|Termination of Parental Rights|
|Children in Need of Supervision|
|Mental Health||District Courts||Justice Courts||Municipal Courts|
|Other Mental Health Cases|
|Probate||District Courts||Justice Courts||Municipal Courts|
|Wills & Estates|
|Guardianships and Conservatorships|