The Guide to New Hampshire Court Records

Overview of New Hampshire Courts

The New Hampshire trial court system consists of Superior Courts, Circuit Court District Divisions, Circuit Court Probate Divisions, and Circuit Court Family Divisions.
 
Superior Courts have general jurisdiction over all civil and criminal cases but generally only hear cases that are beyond the jurisdiction of other courts. District Courts have limited jurisdiction over certain types of civil, criminal and juvenile cases. Probate Courts have limited jurisdiction over most probate cases, some real estate and some juvenile matters. Family Courts exercise jurisdiction over domestic relations and juvenile matters.

Please select a New Hampshire county below to view directory of all courts with links to court record resources for each court.
Find New Hampshire court pages by Town or Zip Code.
Select a court record or online resource category below to view all resources at both the statewide and county level.
Go to the court records pages for another state.
New Hampshire Superior Courts
Superior Courts have general jurisdiction over all civil and criminal cases but usually handle cases that are beyond the jurisdiction of other courts.

Only Superior Courts offer jury trials so cases in other courts that have a right to a jury will be transferred to Superior Court upon proper request.

Criminal cases heard by Superior Courts include felonies and other types of criminal cases that are eligible for a jury trial.

Civil cases heard by Superior Courts include all jury trials, general civil claims for more than $1,500 or involving title to real estate and general civil claims for more than $25,000. Superior Courts also handle divorce, child custody, domestic violence, redemption and foreclosure of mortgages, petitions to enforce contracts, and appeals from zoning and planning board decisions.

Superior Courts share jurisdiction with Circuit Courts - District Division over domestic violence cases and most non-jury general civil claims for damages between $1,500 and $25,000 that do not involve disputes over title to real estate.

Superior Courts share jurisdiction with Circuit Courts - Probate Division over certain types of cases, including certain types of trusts, certain kinds of durable powers of attorney and waivers for marriage of minors.

Superior Courts share jurisdiction with District and Family Divisions of Circuit Courts over emergency domestic violence orders. In Cheshire County, which has no Circuit Court - Family Division, Superior Court has jurisdiction over marital cases.
New Hampshire Circuit Court District Divisions
Circuit Court District Divisions have limited jurisdiction over certain types of civil and criminal cases. Circuit Courts do not offer jury trials and must transfer cases to Superior Court when a proper jury trial request is made.

Circuit Court District Divisions have original jurisdiction over criminal misdemeanors and violations, small claims, landlord-tenant, stalking, general civil claims for less than $1500, emergency orders of protection in domestic violence matters, gun permit denial appeals, land use violations, and replevin.

Circuit Court District Divisions have jurisdiction over juvenile matters in counties without a Family Division.

Circuit Court District Divisions share jurisdiction with Superior Courts for most general civil claims for more than $1500 and less than $25,000, exclusive of interest and costs. Small claims cases offer a simplified court procedure for civil cases with disputes for less than $7,500. When a claim is for more than $1500, a right to a jury trial exists, so the case will be transferred to Superior Court if either party properly requests a jury trial.
New Hampshire Circuit Court Probate Divisions
Circuit Court Probate Divisions have limited jurisdiction over certain types of cases related to probate, real estate, and juvenile matters. Circuit Court Probate Divisons do not offer jury trials, so if a jury trial right exists and is properly requested, the case will be transferred to Superior Court.

Circuit Court Probate Divisions have exclusive jurisdiction over the probate of wills, administration of estates and trusts, conservatorships, guardianships, most adoptions of children, most name change petitions, termination of parental rights, durable powers of attorney for health care, living wills, some partition actions, actions to quiet title to real estate and other types of cases.

Circuit Court Probate Divisions share jurisdiction with Superior Courts for certain types of trusts, certain kinds of durable powers of attorney, waivers for marriage of minors, and some other types of cases.

When a Family Division shares territorial jurisdiction with a Probate Division, the Probate Division lacks jurisdiction over most cases heard by the Family Division, but continues to share jurisdiction over certain types of cases. Family Division has exclusive jurisdiction over many adoptions, but private, agency or international adoptions remain within exclusive Probate Division jurisdiction. Family Division has exclusive jurisdiction over most guardianships of minors, but if the case also involves the estate of a minor, jurisdiction over the entire case is exclusively vested in the Probate Division.
New Hampshire Circuit Court Family Divisions
Circuit Court Family Divisions exist in all counties except Cheshire, and have exclusive jurisdiction over most domestic relations and juvenile cases, including divorce, annulment, alimony, child custody, child support, paternity, juvenile delinquency, abuse or neglect of children, children in need of services, domestic violence protection, adoption of children in abuse and neglect cases, termination of parental rights, most guardianships of minors, and name change petitions associated with termination of parental rights.

Circuit Court Family Divisions share jurisdiction with Superior Courts and Circuit Court District Divisions for emergency orders in domestic violence protection cases.

Circuit Court Family Divisions share jurisdiction with District Divisions for temporary detention orders in juvenile delinquency cases and certain orders in cases that involve abused and neglected children or children in need of services.

Circuit Court Family Divisions have exclusive jurisdiction over many adoptions, but private, agency, or international adoptions remain within exclusive Probate Division jurisdiction. Family Divisions have exclusive jurisdiction over most guardianships of minors, but if the case also involves the estate of a minor, jurisdiction over the entire case is exclusively vested in the Probate Division.

In Cheshire County, there is no Circuit Court Family Division; marital cases are heard in Cheshire County Superior Court, and other types of family cases are heard in District and Probate Divisisions of Cheshire County Circuit Court.

Where to find court cases in New Hampshire
The chart below gives general information on the types of cases heard in each type of court in New Hampshire.
 
Most Cases = Most or all cases.     Some Cases = Some cases.

Case Type Court Type
Civil Superior Courts Circuit Court District Divisions Circuit Court Probate Divisions Circuit Court Family Divisions
General Civil - Unlimited
Most or all General Civil - Unlimited cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
 
General Civil - Limited
Some General Civil - Limited cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Some General Civil - Limited cases can be found in the Circuit Court District Divisions
 
 
Small Claims
 
Most or all Small Claims cases can be found in the Circuit Court District Divisions
 
 
Civil Equity
Most or all Civil Equity cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
 
Complex Commercial
Most or all Complex Commercial cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
 
Foreclosures and Liens
Some Foreclosures and Liens cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Some Foreclosures and Liens cases can be found in the Circuit Court District Divisions
 
 
Real Estate Title and Boundary
Most or all Real Estate Title and Boundary cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
Some Real Estate Title and Boundary cases can be found in the Circuit Court Probate Divisions
Some Real Estate Title and Boundary cases can be found in the Circuit Court Family Divisions
Landlord / Tenant
Some Landlord / Tenant cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Most or all Landlord / Tenant cases can be found in the Circuit Court District Divisions
 
 
Ordinance Violations
 
Most or all Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the Circuit Court District Divisions
 
 
Protection, No Contact, and Restraining Orders
Most or all Protection, No Contact, and Restraining Orders cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Some Protection, No Contact, and Restraining Orders cases can be found in the Circuit Court District Divisions
 
Some Protection, No Contact, and Restraining Orders cases can be found in the Circuit Court Family Divisions
Administrative Agency Appeals
Most or all Administrative Agency Appeals cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Some Administrative Agency Appeals cases can be found in the Circuit Court District Divisions
 
Some Administrative Agency Appeals cases can be found in the Circuit Court Family Divisions
Criminal Superior Courts Circuit Court District Divisions Circuit Court Probate Divisions Circuit Court Family Divisions
Felony
Most or all Felony cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
 
Felony Preliminary Hearings
Some Felony Preliminary Hearings cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Some Felony Preliminary Hearings cases can be found in the Circuit Court District Divisions
 
 
Misdemeanors
Some Misdemeanors cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Some Misdemeanors cases can be found in the Circuit Court District Divisions
 
 
Ordinance Violations
 
Most or all Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the Circuit Court District Divisions
 
 
Juvenile
 
 
 
Most or all Juvenile cases can be found in the Circuit Court Family Divisions
Traffic and Infractions
 
Most or all Traffic and Infractions cases can be found in the Circuit Court District Divisions
 
 
Domestic Relations Superior Courts Circuit Court District Divisions Circuit Court Probate Divisions Circuit Court Family Divisions
Divorce
Some Divorce cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Most or all Divorce cases can be found in the Circuit Court Family Divisions
Child Custody and Visitation
 
 
Some Child Custody and Visitation cases can be found in the Circuit Court Probate Divisions
Most or all Child Custody and Visitation cases can be found in the Circuit Court Family Divisions
Child Support
 
 
Some Child Support cases can be found in the Circuit Court Probate Divisions
Most or all Child Support cases can be found in the Circuit Court Family Divisions
Paternity
 
 
Some Paternity cases can be found in the Circuit Court Probate Divisions
Most or all Paternity cases can be found in the Circuit Court Family Divisions
Domestic Violence Protection Order
Some Domestic Violence Protection Order cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Some Domestic Violence Protection Order cases can be found in the Circuit Court District Divisions
 
Most or all Domestic Violence Protection Order cases can be found in the Circuit Court Family Divisions
Juvenile Superior Courts Circuit Court District Divisions Circuit Court Probate Divisions Circuit Court Family Divisions
Adoptions
 
 
Some Adoptions cases can be found in the Circuit Court Probate Divisions
Most or all Adoptions cases can be found in the Circuit Court Family Divisions
Juvenile Delinquency
 
 
 
Most or all Juvenile Delinquency cases can be found in the Circuit Court Family Divisions
Child Abuse and Neglect
 
 
Some Child Abuse and Neglect cases can be found in the Circuit Court Probate Divisions
Most or all Child Abuse and Neglect cases can be found in the Circuit Court Family Divisions
Termination of Parental Rights
 
 
Some Termination of Parental Rights cases can be found in the Circuit Court Probate Divisions
Most or all Termination of Parental Rights cases can be found in the Circuit Court Family Divisions
Children in Need of Supervision
 
 
 
Most or all Children in Need of Supervision cases can be found in the Circuit Court Family Divisions
Mental Health Superior Courts Circuit Court District Divisions Circuit Court Probate Divisions Circuit Court Family Divisions
Involuntary Commitments
Some Involuntary Commitments cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Some Involuntary Commitments cases can be found in the Circuit Court District Divisions
Some Involuntary Commitments cases can be found in the Circuit Court Probate Divisions
Some Involuntary Commitments cases can be found in the Circuit Court Family Divisions
Other Mental Health Cases
Some Other Mental Health Cases cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Some Other Mental Health Cases cases can be found in the Circuit Court District Divisions
Some Other Mental Health Cases cases can be found in the Circuit Court Probate Divisions
Some Other Mental Health Cases cases can be found in the Circuit Court Family Divisions
Probate Superior Courts Circuit Court District Divisions Circuit Court Probate Divisions Circuit Court Family Divisions
Wills & Estates
Some Wills & Estates cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
Most or all Wills & Estates cases can be found in the Circuit Court Probate Divisions
 
Name Changes
 
Some Name Changes cases can be found in the Circuit Court District Divisions
Some Name Changes cases can be found in the Circuit Court Probate Divisions
Some Name Changes cases can be found in the Circuit Court Family Divisions
Trusts
Some Trusts cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
Most or all Trusts cases can be found in the Circuit Court Probate Divisions
 
Guardianships and Conservatorships
Some Guardianships and Conservatorships cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Some Guardianships and Conservatorships cases can be found in the Circuit Court District Divisions
Some Guardianships and Conservatorships cases can be found in the Circuit Court Probate Divisions
Some Guardianships and Conservatorships cases can be found in the Circuit Court Family Divisions

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