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The Guide to New Hampshire Court Records


The New Hampshire trial court system consists of Superior Courts, Circuit Court District Divisions, Circuit Court Probate Divisions, and Circuit Court Family Divisions.
 
Superior Courts have general jurisdiction over all civil and criminal cases but generally only hear cases that are beyond the jurisdiction of other courts. District Courts have limited jurisdiction over certain types of civil, criminal and juvenile cases. Probate Courts have limited jurisdiction over most probate cases, some real estate and some juvenile matters. Family Courts exercise jurisdiction over domestic relations and juvenile matters.

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Please select a New Hampshire county below to view directory of all courts with links to court record resources for each court. Find New Hampshire court pages by Town or Zip Code. Select a court record or online resource category below to view all resources at both the statewide and county level. Go to the court records pages for another state.
 


 
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New Hampshire Superior Courts

Superior Courts have general jurisdiction over all civil and criminal cases but usually handle cases that are beyond the jurisdiction of other courts.

Only Superior Courts offer jury trials so cases in other courts that have a right to a jury will be transferred to Superior Court upon proper request.

Criminal cases heard by Superior Courts include felonies and other types of criminal cases that are eligible for a jury trial.

Civil cases heard by Superior Courts include all jury trials, general civil claims for more than $1,500 or involving title to real estate and general civil claims for more than $25,000. Superior Courts also handle divorce, child custody, domestic violence, redemption and foreclosure of mortgages, petitions to enforce contracts, and appeals from zoning and planning board decisions.

Superior Courts share jurisdiction with Circuit Courts - District Division over domestic violence cases and most non-jury general civil claims for damages between $1,500 and $25,000 that do not involve disputes over title to real estate.

Superior Courts share jurisdiction with Circuit Courts - Probate Division over certain types of cases, including certain types of trusts, certain kinds of durable powers of attorney and waivers for marriage of minors.

Superior Courts share jurisdiction with District and Family Divisions of Circuit Courts over emergency domestic violence orders. In Cheshire County, which has no Circuit Court - Family Division, Superior Court has jurisdiction over marital cases.

New Hampshire Circuit Court District Divisions

Circuit Court District Divisions have limited jurisdiction over certain types of civil and criminal cases. Circuit Courts do not offer jury trials and must transfer cases to Superior Court when a proper jury trial request is made.

Circuit Court District Divisions have original jurisdiction over criminal misdemeanors and violations, small claims, landlord-tenant, stalking, general civil claims for less than $1500, emergency orders of protection in domestic violence matters, gun permit denial appeals, land use violations, and replevin.

Circuit Court District Divisions have jurisdiction over juvenile matters in counties without a Family Division.

Circuit Court District Divisions share jurisdiction with Superior Courts for most general civil claims for more than $1500 and less than $25,000, exclusive of interest and costs. Small claims cases offer a simplified court procedure for civil cases with disputes for less than $7,500. When a claim is for more than $1500, a right to a jury trial exists, so the case will be transferred to Superior Court if either party properly requests a jury trial.

New Hampshire Circuit Court Probate Divisions

Circuit Court Probate Divisions have limited jurisdiction over certain types of cases related to probate, real estate, and juvenile matters. Circuit Court Probate Divisons do not offer jury trials, so if a jury trial right exists and is properly requested, the case will be transferred to Superior Court.

Circuit Court Probate Divisions have exclusive jurisdiction over the probate of wills, administration of estates and trusts, conservatorships, guardianships, most adoptions of children, most name change petitions, termination of parental rights, durable powers of attorney for health care, living wills, some partition actions, actions to quiet title to real estate and other types of cases.

Circuit Court Probate Divisions share jurisdiction with Superior Courts for certain types of trusts, certain kinds of durable powers of attorney, waivers for marriage of minors, and some other types of cases.

When a Family Division shares territorial jurisdiction with a Probate Division, the Probate Division lacks jurisdiction over most cases heard by the Family Division, but continues to share jurisdiction over certain types of cases. Family Division has exclusive jurisdiction over many adoptions, but private, agency or international adoptions remain within exclusive Probate Division jurisdiction. Family Division has exclusive jurisdiction over most guardianships of minors, but if the case also involves the estate of a minor, jurisdiction over the entire case is exclusively vested in the Probate Division.

New Hampshire Circuit Court Family Divisions

Circuit Court Family Divisions exist in all counties except Cheshire, and have exclusive jurisdiction over most domestic relations and juvenile cases, including divorce, annulment, alimony, child custody, child support, paternity, juvenile delinquency, abuse or neglect of children, children in need of services, domestic violence protection, adoption of children in abuse and neglect cases, termination of parental rights, most guardianships of minors, and name change petitions associated with termination of parental rights.

Circuit Court Family Divisions share jurisdiction with Superior Courts and Circuit Court District Divisions for emergency orders in domestic violence protection cases.

Circuit Court Family Divisions share jurisdiction with District Divisions for temporary detention orders in juvenile delinquency cases and certain orders in cases that involve abused and neglected children or children in need of services.

Circuit Court Family Divisions have exclusive jurisdiction over many adoptions, but private, agency, or international adoptions remain within exclusive Probate Division jurisdiction. Family Divisions have exclusive jurisdiction over most guardianships of minors, but if the case also involves the estate of a minor, jurisdiction over the entire case is exclusively vested in the Probate Division.

In Cheshire County, there is no Circuit Court Family Division; marital cases are heard in Cheshire County Superior Court, and other types of family cases are heard in District and Probate Divisisions of Cheshire County Circuit Court.

Where to find court cases in New Hampshire

The chart below gives general information on the types of cases heard in each type of court in New Hampshire.
 

Most Cases = Most or all cases.     Some Cases = Some cases.

Case Type Court Type
CivilSuperior CourtsCircuit Court District DivisionsCircuit Court Probate DivisionsCircuit Court Family Divisions
General Civil - Unlimited
 Most or all General Civil - Unlimited cases can be found in the Superior Courts
   
General Civil - Limited
 Some General Civil - Limited cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 Some General Civil - Limited cases can be found in the Circuit Court District Divisions
  
Small Claims 
 Most or all Small Claims cases can be found in the Circuit Court District Divisions
  
Civil Equity
 Most or all Civil Equity cases can be found in the Superior Courts
   
Complex Commercial
 Most or all Complex Commercial cases can be found in the Superior Courts
   
Foreclosures and Liens
 Some Foreclosures and Liens cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 Some Foreclosures and Liens cases can be found in the Circuit Court District Divisions
  
Real Estate Title and Boundary
 Most or all Real Estate Title and Boundary cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 Some Real Estate Title and Boundary cases can be found in the Circuit Court Probate Divisions
 Some Real Estate Title and Boundary cases can be found in the Circuit Court Family Divisions
Landlord / Tenant
 Some Landlord / Tenant cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 Most or all Landlord / Tenant cases can be found in the Circuit Court District Divisions
  
Ordinance Violations 
 Most or all Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the Circuit Court District Divisions
  
Protection, No Contact, and Restraining Orders
 Most or all Protection, No Contact, and Restraining Orders cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 Some Protection, No Contact, and Restraining Orders cases can be found in the Circuit Court District Divisions
 
 Some Protection, No Contact, and Restraining Orders cases can be found in the Circuit Court Family Divisions
Administrative Agency Appeals
 Most or all Administrative Agency Appeals cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 Some Administrative Agency Appeals cases can be found in the Circuit Court District Divisions
 
 Some Administrative Agency Appeals cases can be found in the Circuit Court Family Divisions
CriminalSuperior CourtsCircuit Court District DivisionsCircuit Court Probate DivisionsCircuit Court Family Divisions
Felony
 Most or all Felony cases can be found in the Superior Courts
   
Felony Preliminary Hearings
 Some Felony Preliminary Hearings cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 Some Felony Preliminary Hearings cases can be found in the Circuit Court District Divisions
  
Misdemeanors
 Some Misdemeanors cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 Some Misdemeanors cases can be found in the Circuit Court District Divisions
  
Ordinance Violations 
 Most or all Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the Circuit Court District Divisions
  
Juvenile   
 Most or all Juvenile cases can be found in the Circuit Court Family Divisions
Traffic and Infractions 
 Most or all Traffic and Infractions cases can be found in the Circuit Court District Divisions
  
Domestic RelationsSuperior CourtsCircuit Court District DivisionsCircuit Court Probate DivisionsCircuit Court Family Divisions
Divorce
 Some Divorce cases can be found in the Superior Courts
  
 Most or all Divorce cases can be found in the Circuit Court Family Divisions
Child Custody and Visitation  
 Some Child Custody and Visitation cases can be found in the Circuit Court Probate Divisions
 Most or all Child Custody and Visitation cases can be found in the Circuit Court Family Divisions
Child Support  
 Some Child Support cases can be found in the Circuit Court Probate Divisions
 Most or all Child Support cases can be found in the Circuit Court Family Divisions
Paternity  
 Some Paternity cases can be found in the Circuit Court Probate Divisions
 Most or all Paternity cases can be found in the Circuit Court Family Divisions
Domestic Violence Protection Order
 Some Domestic Violence Protection Order cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 Some Domestic Violence Protection Order cases can be found in the Circuit Court District Divisions
 
 Most or all Domestic Violence Protection Order cases can be found in the Circuit Court Family Divisions
JuvenileSuperior CourtsCircuit Court District DivisionsCircuit Court Probate DivisionsCircuit Court Family Divisions
Adoptions  
 Some Adoptions cases can be found in the Circuit Court Probate Divisions
 Most or all Adoptions cases can be found in the Circuit Court Family Divisions
Juvenile Delinquency   
 Most or all Juvenile Delinquency cases can be found in the Circuit Court Family Divisions
Child Abuse and Neglect  
 Some Child Abuse and Neglect cases can be found in the Circuit Court Probate Divisions
 Most or all Child Abuse and Neglect cases can be found in the Circuit Court Family Divisions
Termination of Parental Rights  
 Some Termination of Parental Rights cases can be found in the Circuit Court Probate Divisions
 Most or all Termination of Parental Rights cases can be found in the Circuit Court Family Divisions
Children in Need of Supervision   
 Most or all Children in Need of Supervision cases can be found in the Circuit Court Family Divisions
Mental HealthSuperior CourtsCircuit Court District DivisionsCircuit Court Probate DivisionsCircuit Court Family Divisions
Involuntary Commitments
 Some Involuntary Commitments cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 Some Involuntary Commitments cases can be found in the Circuit Court District Divisions
 Some Involuntary Commitments cases can be found in the Circuit Court Probate Divisions
 Some Involuntary Commitments cases can be found in the Circuit Court Family Divisions
Other Mental Health Cases
 Some Other Mental Health Cases cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 Some Other Mental Health Cases cases can be found in the Circuit Court District Divisions
 Some Other Mental Health Cases cases can be found in the Circuit Court Probate Divisions
 Some Other Mental Health Cases cases can be found in the Circuit Court Family Divisions
ProbateSuperior CourtsCircuit Court District DivisionsCircuit Court Probate DivisionsCircuit Court Family Divisions
Wills & Estates
 Some Wills & Estates cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 Most or all Wills & Estates cases can be found in the Circuit Court Probate Divisions
 
Name Changes 
 Some Name Changes cases can be found in the Circuit Court District Divisions
 Some Name Changes cases can be found in the Circuit Court Probate Divisions
 Some Name Changes cases can be found in the Circuit Court Family Divisions
Trusts
 Some Trusts cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 Most or all Trusts cases can be found in the Circuit Court Probate Divisions
 
Guardianships and Conservatorships
 Some Guardianships and Conservatorships cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 Some Guardianships and Conservatorships cases can be found in the Circuit Court District Divisions
 Some Guardianships and Conservatorships cases can be found in the Circuit Court Probate Divisions
 Some Guardianships and Conservatorships cases can be found in the Circuit Court Family Divisions


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