Criminal cases heard by District Courts include felonies, lesser-included offenses and some misdemeanors. District Courts may impose certain penalties in some ordinance violation cases, but most ordinance violation cases are heard by Municipal Courts or Circuit Courts.
Civil cases heard by District Courts include general civil claims beyond the jurisdiction of Circuit Courts. District Courts also handle juvenile matters, probate matters, domestic relations and cases requesting injunctive relief.
District Courts have a Juvenile Court division with general jurisdiction over certain types of cases, including juvenile delinquency, child neglect, children in need of supervision and judicial consent to abortion. Municipal Courts may handle some municipal ordinance violations with juvenile defendants.
Criminal cases heard by Circuit Courts include misdemeanors and felony preliminary hearings. Circuit Courts have original jurisdiction over misdemeanors and share jurisdiction over misdemeanors with District Courts. Circuit Courts may handle municipal ordinance violations with the agreement of a municipality.
Civil cases heard by Circuit Courts include most general civil claims not exceeding $50,000, exclusive of court costs. Circuit Courts also handle civil family violence protection cases. Civil cases handled by a Circuit Court include claims for the recovery of money, claims for the recovery of personal property, landlord-tenant cases, foreclosures and enforcements of certain liens, small claims cases and the disposal of abandoned vehicles.
Circuit Courts have replaced Justice of the Peace Courts and exercise the jurisdiction previously granted to Justice of the Peace Courts.
Municipal Courts have exclusive jurisdiction over most municipal ordinance violations, and this jurisdiction is limited to the extent that District Courts have jurisdiction to grant injunctive relief and impose civil penalties authorized by certain types of ordinances.
Circuit Courts may handle municipal ordinance violations with the agreement of a municipality.
|Case Type||Court Type|
|Civil||District Courts||Circuit Courts||Municipal Courts|
|General Civil - Unlimited|
|General Civil - Limited|
|Foreclosures and Liens|
|Real Estate Title and Boundary|
|Landlord / Tenant|
|Protection, No Contact, and Restraining Orders|
|Administrative Agency Appeals|
|Criminal||District Courts||Circuit Courts||Municipal Courts|
|Felony Preliminary Hearings|
|Traffic and Infractions|
|Domestic Relations||District Courts||Circuit Courts||Municipal Courts|
|Child Custody and Visitation|
|Domestic Violence Protection Order|
|Juvenile||District Courts||Circuit Courts||Municipal Courts|
|Child Abuse and Neglect|
|Termination of Parental Rights|
|Children in Need of Supervision|
|Mental Health||District Courts||Circuit Courts||Municipal Courts|
|Other Mental Health Cases|
|Probate||District Courts||Circuit Courts||Municipal Courts|
|Wills & Estates|
|Guardianships and Conservatorships|