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The Guide to Colorado Court Records


The Colorado trial court system consists of District Courts, County Courts, Municipal Courts, Water Courts, Denver Probate Court, and Denver County Juvenile Court.
 
District Courts have general jurisdiction over all civil and criminal cases but typically only handle cases that are beyond the jurisdiction of other courts. County Courts and Municipal Courts have limited jurisdiction over certain types of civil and criminal cases. Water Courts have limited and exclusive jurisdiction over most cases related to water rights and water use.

Find court records by county Find court records by town or zip code Find court resources by category Find court records in other states
Please select a Colorado county below to view directory of all courts with links to court record resources for each court. Find Colorado court pages by Town or Zip Code. Select a court record or online resource category below to view all resources at both the statewide and county level. Go to the court records pages for another state.
 


 
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Colorado District Courts

District Courts have general jurisdiction over all civil and criminal cases, and typicaly handle cases that are beyond the jurisdiction of other courts.

Criminal cases heard by District Courts include felonies and lesser-included offenses.

Civil cases heard by District Courts include general civil claims without financial limits. District Courts also handle domestic relations, probate matters, juvenile matters, adoptions, paternity and mental health cases.

Cases typically handled by District Courts include divorce and related cases such as child custody, child support and division of marital property.

District Courts share jurisdiction over domestic violence protection orders with County Courts and Municipal Courts.

Denver County has a separate Probate Court and a separate Juvenile Court that handle probate matters and juvenile cases.

Colorado County Courts

County Courts have limited jurisdiction over certain types of cases.

Criminal cases heard by County Courts include misdemeanors, petty offenses and preliminary hearings for all types of criminal cases. County Courts share criminal jurisdiction with District Courts.

Civil cases heard by County Courts include most general civil cases for less than $15,000, not involving ownership of real property. Landlord-tenant cases are heard by County Courts if claims for damages are less than $15,000, if the case also involves a monthly rental value of less than $15,000.

Each County Court has a Small Claims division for most general civil cases with less than $7,500 in dispute. The Small Claims division cannot handle certain types of cases, including claims for defamation, libel, slander, forcible entry, forcible detainer, unlawful detainer, class action lawsuits, most types of injunctive relief, some types of contract cases, traffic violations and criminal matters. There is no right to a jury trial in the Small Claims division.

County Courts share jurisdiction with District Courts over name changes and requests for temporary and permanent civil restraining orders, including protection orders.

County Courts do not have jurisdiction over cases involving probate issues, mental health (including commitment, restoration to competence and the appointment of conservators), divorce, annulment, legal separation, matters involving children (including custody, child support, guardianship, adoption and delinquency) and matters involving disputes over boundaries or title to real property.

Colorado Municipal Courts

Municipal Courts have jurisdiction over violations of city and town ordinances.

Municipal Courts share jurisdiction with District Courts and County Courts over cases involving civil Protection Orders.

Colorado Water Courts

Water Courts have specialized jurisdiction over certain types of civil cases related to water rights.

Water Courts have exclusive jurisdiction over many cases related to water, including the use and administration of water.

Water Courts are located at each of the seven major river basins in Colorado.

Colorado Denver Probate Court

In Denver County, a separate Probate Court exists and handles City and County of Denver probate cases instead of District Court. This court is sometimes referred to as the 24th District Court.

Colorado Denver County Juvenile Court

In Denver County, there is a separate Juvenile Court that handles most juvenile matters instead of District Court.

Where to find court cases in Colorado

The chart below gives general information on the types of cases heard in each type of court in Colorado.
 

Most Cases = Most or all cases.     Some Cases = Some cases.

Case Type Court Type
CivilDistrict CourtsCounty CourtsMunicipal Courts
General Civil - Unlimited
 Most or all General Civil - Unlimited cases can be found in the District Courts
  
General Civil - Limited
 Some General Civil - Limited cases can be found in the District Courts
 Most or all General Civil - Limited cases can be found in the County Courts
 
Small Claims 
 Most or all Small Claims cases can be found in the County Courts
 
Civil Equity
 Most or all Civil Equity cases can be found in the District Courts
 Some Civil Equity cases can be found in the County Courts
 
Complex Commercial
 Most or all Complex Commercial cases can be found in the District Courts
  
Foreclosures and Liens
 Some Foreclosures and Liens cases can be found in the District Courts
 Some Foreclosures and Liens cases can be found in the County Courts
 
Real Estate Title and Boundary
 Most or all Real Estate Title and Boundary cases can be found in the District Courts
  
Landlord / Tenant
 Some Landlord / Tenant cases can be found in the District Courts
 Most or all Landlord / Tenant cases can be found in the County Courts
 
Ordinance Violations 
 Some Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the County Courts
 Some Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the Municipal Courts
Protection, No Contact, and Restraining Orders
 Some Protection, No Contact, and Restraining Orders cases can be found in the District Courts
 Some Protection, No Contact, and Restraining Orders cases can be found in the County Courts
 Some Protection, No Contact, and Restraining Orders cases can be found in the Municipal Courts
Administrative Agency Appeals
 Most or all Administrative Agency Appeals cases can be found in the District Courts
 Some Administrative Agency Appeals cases can be found in the County Courts
 
CriminalDistrict CourtsCounty CourtsMunicipal Courts
Felony
 Most or all Felony cases can be found in the District Courts
  
Felony Preliminary Hearings
 Some Felony Preliminary Hearings cases can be found in the District Courts
 Some Felony Preliminary Hearings cases can be found in the County Courts
 
Misdemeanors
 Some Misdemeanors cases can be found in the District Courts
 Most or all Misdemeanors cases can be found in the County Courts
 
Ordinance Violations 
 Some Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the County Courts
 Most or all Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the Municipal Courts
Juvenile
 Most or all Juvenile cases can be found in the District Courts
  
Traffic and Infractions 
 Some Traffic and Infractions cases can be found in the County Courts
 Most or all Traffic and Infractions cases can be found in the Municipal Courts
Domestic RelationsDistrict CourtsCounty CourtsMunicipal Courts
Divorce
 Most or all Divorce cases can be found in the District Courts
  
Child Custody and Visitation
 Most or all Child Custody and Visitation cases can be found in the District Courts
  
Child Support
 Most or all Child Support cases can be found in the District Courts
  
Paternity
 Most or all Paternity cases can be found in the District Courts
  
Domestic Violence Protection Order
 Most or all Domestic Violence Protection Order cases can be found in the District Courts
 Some Domestic Violence Protection Order cases can be found in the County Courts
 Some Domestic Violence Protection Order cases can be found in the Municipal Courts
JuvenileDistrict CourtsCounty CourtsMunicipal Courts
Adoptions
 Most or all Adoptions cases can be found in the District Courts
  
Juvenile Delinquency
 Most or all Juvenile Delinquency cases can be found in the District Courts
  
Child Abuse and Neglect
 Most or all Child Abuse and Neglect cases can be found in the District Courts
  
Termination of Parental Rights
 Most or all Termination of Parental Rights cases can be found in the District Courts
  
Children in Need of Supervision
 Most or all Children in Need of Supervision cases can be found in the District Courts
  
Mental HealthDistrict CourtsCounty CourtsMunicipal Courts
Involuntary Commitments
 Most or all Involuntary Commitments cases can be found in the District Courts
  
Other Mental Health Cases
 Most or all Other Mental Health Cases cases can be found in the District Courts
  
ProbateDistrict CourtsCounty CourtsMunicipal Courts
Wills & Estates
 Most or all Wills & Estates cases can be found in the District Courts
  
Name Changes
 Some Name Changes cases can be found in the District Courts
 Some Name Changes cases can be found in the County Courts
 
Trusts
 Most or all Trusts cases can be found in the District Courts
  
Guardianships and Conservatorships
 Most or all Guardianships and Conservatorships cases can be found in the District Courts
  

Note: Some courts in Colorado are not included in the chart above. Please use the following links for descriptions and types of cases heard:
 
  Water Courts  Denver Probate Court  Denver County Juvenile Court


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