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The Guide to Vermont Court Records

Overview of Vermont Courts

The Vermont trial court system consists of Superior Courts and Judicial Bureau.
 
Superior Courts have general jurisdiction over all civil and criminal cases, and are organized into court divisions by case type. Divisions in each county include Civil, Criminal, Family, and Probate. The Environmental Division is a specialized division that handles environmental cases for the entire state from one office location, with trials held in the county in which the case arose. The Judicial Bureau has statewide jurisdiction over most traffic and municipal ordinance violations and operates out of one office location, with hearings held in multiple locations.

Please select a Vermont county below to view directory of all courts with links to court record resources for each court.
Find Vermont court pages by Town or Zip Code.
Select a court record or online resource category below to view all resources at both the statewide and county level.
Go to the court records pages for another state.
Vermont Superior Courts
Superior Courts have jurisdiction over all civil and criminal cases. Each of Vermont's 14 counties has a Superior Court.

Superior Courts are organized into court divisions based on case type. Divisions within a Superior Court include Civil, Criminal, Family, Probate, Juvenile, and Environmental. Each of Vermont's 14 counties has a Civil, Criminal, Family, and Probate Division. Bennington, Rutland, Windham, and Windsor Counties each have a second Probate Divisions in a separate location.

Civil Division hears civil cases including personal injury, breach of contract, eviction, foreclosure, land disputes, medical malpractice, wrongful death, and small claims cases with money damages up to $5,000. The Civil Division also hears appeals from the Probate Division. Civil Division shares jurisdiction with the Vermont Supreme Court over certain types of cases, including certiorari, mandamus, prohibition, and quo warranto.

Criminal Division hears all criminal felony and misdemeanor cases, some municipal ordinance violations, and some civil cases including appeals from the Judicial Bureau, DUI driver's license suspensions, extradition proceedings, forfeitures (automobile, drug, liquor, and fish and wildlife), sex offender proceedings, and some municipal parking violations.

Family Division hears family-related cases including divorce, annulment, dissolution of civil union, separation, desertion, parentage, child custody, spousal and child support, visitation, domestic abuse orders of protection, juvenile matters, abuse and exploitation proceedings, protective services for developmentally disabled persons, involuntary sterilization, mental health proceedings, and commitments to the Vermont State Hospital. Child support cases are usually heard by Family Court Magistrates in separate Family Court proceedings.

Probate Division handles probate of wills, settlement of estates, administration of trusts, adoptions, guardianships, emancipation of minors, judicial consent for marriage of a minor, uniform gifts to minors, name changes, corrections of birth, marriage, and death certificates, proceedings related to cemeteries and disposal of remains, and various other matters.

Environmental Division is a single court with statewide jurisdiction. The division has a central office, but trials are held in the county in which the case arose. This division hears appeals from state land use permit (Act 250) decisions, Agency of Natural Resources environmental permits and other decisions, and municipal land use decisions. Environmental Division also hears municipal land use enforcement cases, Agency of Natural Resources environmental law enforcement actions, and state land use permit revocations.
Vermont Judicial Bureau
The Judicial Bureau operates under the supervision of the Vermont Supreme Court and has statewide jurisdiction over civil violations. This division has a central office, but hearings are held in multiple locations throughout the state.

Civil violations incur lesser penalties than criminal misdemeanors, and may include violations of laws or regulations governing traffic, alcohol and tobacco, ephedrine, littering, burning and waste disposal, hazing, unauthorized disclosure of criminal records, conditions of employment, scrap metal and lead, tree cutting, misuse of agricultural labels, and cruelty to animals. Some municipal ordinance violations and minor fish and wildlife violations are also included.

The Judicial Bureau does not have jurisdiction over municipal parking violations.

Where to find court cases in Vermont
The chart below gives general information on the types of cases heard in each type of court in Vermont.
 
Most Cases = Most or all cases.     Some Cases = Some cases.

Case Type Court Type
Civil Superior Courts
General Civil - Unlimited
Most or all General Civil - Unlimited cases can be found in the Superior Courts
General Civil - Limited
Most or all General Civil - Limited cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Small Claims
Most or all Small Claims cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Civil Equity
Most or all Civil Equity cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Complex Commercial
Most or all Complex Commercial cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Foreclosures and Liens
Most or all Foreclosures and Liens cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Real Estate Title and Boundary
Most or all Real Estate Title and Boundary cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Landlord / Tenant
Most or all Landlord / Tenant cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Ordinance Violations
Some Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Protection, No Contact, and Restraining Orders
Most or all Protection, No Contact, and Restraining Orders cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Administrative Agency Appeals
Most or all Administrative Agency Appeals cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Criminal Superior Courts
Felony
Most or all Felony cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Felony Preliminary Hearings
Most or all Felony Preliminary Hearings cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Misdemeanors
Most or all Misdemeanors cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Ordinance Violations
Some Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Juvenile
Most or all Juvenile cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Traffic and Infractions
 
Domestic Relations Superior Courts
Divorce
Most or all Divorce cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Child Custody and Visitation
Most or all Child Custody and Visitation cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Child Support
Most or all Child Support cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Paternity
Most or all Paternity cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Domestic Violence Protection Order
Most or all Domestic Violence Protection Order cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Juvenile Superior Courts
Adoptions
Most or all Adoptions cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Juvenile Delinquency
Most or all Juvenile Delinquency cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Child Abuse and Neglect
Most or all Child Abuse and Neglect cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Termination of Parental Rights
Most or all Termination of Parental Rights cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Children in Need of Supervision
Most or all Children in Need of Supervision cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Mental Health Superior Courts
Involuntary Commitments
Most or all Involuntary Commitments cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Other Mental Health Cases
Most or all Other Mental Health Cases cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Probate Superior Courts
Wills & Estates
Most or all Wills & Estates cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Name Changes
Most or all Name Changes cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Trusts
Most or all Trusts cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Guardianships and Conservatorships
Most or all Guardianships and Conservatorships cases can be found in the Superior Courts

Note: Some courts in Vermont are not included in the chart above. Please use the following links for descriptions and types of cases heard:
 
  Judicial Bureau

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