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The Guide to Indiana Court Records

Overview of Indiana Courts

The Indiana trial court system consists of Circuit Courts, Superior Courts, City and Town Courts, Tax Court, Marion County Small Claims Courts, and St. Joseph County Probate Court.
 
Indiana has a complicated trial court system consisting of three main court types, without standardized jurisdiction from county to county. For many Indiana courts, jurisdiction is based on whether other types of courts exist in a particular county or judicial circuit. The three main types of Indiana trial courts are Circuit Courts, Superior Courts, and City or Town Courts. Some counties have all types of courts, while others may only have a Circuit Court. Some counties may have separate Ordinance Violations Bureaus.

Please select a Indiana county below to view directory of all courts with links to court record resources for each court.
Find Indiana court pages by Town or Zip Code.
Select a court record or online resource category below to view all resources at both the statewide and county level.
Go to the court records pages for another state.
Indiana Circuit Courts
Circuit Courts have original jurisdiction over all civil and criminal cases, but generally only handle cases that are beyond the jurisdiction of other courts.

Criminal cases heard by Circuit Courts include all types of felonies and lesser-included offenses. In counties without Superior Courts, Circuit Courts will also handle misdemeanors and ordinance violations.

Civil cases heard by Circuit Courts include general civil claims beyond the jurisdiction or capacity of other courts. In counties without Superior Courts, Circuit Courts also handle small claims cases, except in Marion County, where each township has its own local Small Claims Court.

Circuit Courts handle most domestic relations cases, including divorce, child custody, child support, paternity and domestic violence protection orders.

Circuit Courts handle most juvenile matters and share some jurisdiction with Superior Courts over juvenile cases including juvenile delinquency, child abuse and neglect and termination of parental rights. Circuit Courts also share jurisdiction with Superior Courts over mental health cases and probate matters.
Indiana Superior Courts
Superior Courts exercise general jurisdiction over most civil and criminal cases, but jurisdiction varies by county. Superior Courts may have specialized divisions such as Civil, Criminal, and Family.

Criminal cases heard by Superior Courts include felonies and misdemeanors. Civil cases heard by Superior Courts include general civil claims. Superior Courts also handle small claims cases, except in Marion County, where each township has its own local Small Claims Court.

Superior Courts share jurisdiction with Circuit Courts over most juvenile, mental health and probate cases.
Indiana City and Town Courts
City Courts and Town Courts have limited jurisdiction that varies by court.

Generally, a City Court or Town Court has jurisdiction to hear all city or town ordinance violations, infractions and some misdemeanor criminal cases.

City and Town Courts may have some jurisdiction over certain civil cases within limits on the amount of money in dispute.

City and Town Courts are prohibited from handling certain types of cases, including slander, libel, foreclosures where the title to real estate is in dispute, most probate matters, equity, dissolution of marriage, injunctive relief, and other cases that involve questions of the title to real estate.
Indiana Tax Court
The Indiana Tax Court handles statewide cases and operates out of a central office in Indianapolis. The Tax Court has exclusive jurisdiction over cases that arise under the tax laws, including appeals of tax decisions made by various state agencies.
Indiana Marion County Small Claims Courts
Marion County townships have Small Claims Courts with limited jurisdiction over most civil cases that involve less than $6,000 in dispute, including landlord-tenant cases and other types of general civil claims.
Indiana St. Joseph County Probate Court
St. Joseph County has a separate Probate Court that shares jurisdiction with Circuit Court and Superior Court over estates, protected persons and trust administration.

The St. Joseph County Probate Court also has exclusive jurisdiction over adoptions, juvenile delinquency, child protection and paternity cases.

Where to find court cases in Indiana
The chart below gives general information on the types of cases heard in each type of court in Indiana.
 
Most Cases = Most or all cases.     Some Cases = Some cases.

Case Type Court Type
Civil Circuit Courts Superior Courts City and Town Courts
General Civil - Unlimited
Most or all General Civil - Unlimited cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
Some General Civil - Unlimited cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
General Civil - Limited
Some General Civil - Limited cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
Some General Civil - Limited cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Some General Civil - Limited cases can be found in the City and Town Courts
Small Claims
Some Small Claims cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
Some Small Claims cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Some Small Claims cases can be found in the City and Town Courts
Civil Equity
Most or all Civil Equity cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
Some Civil Equity cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
Complex Commercial
Most or all Complex Commercial cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
Some Complex Commercial cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
Foreclosures and Liens
Some Foreclosures and Liens cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
Some Foreclosures and Liens cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
Real Estate Title and Boundary
Most or all Real Estate Title and Boundary cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
Some Real Estate Title and Boundary cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
Landlord / Tenant
Some Landlord / Tenant cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
Most or all Landlord / Tenant cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Some Landlord / Tenant cases can be found in the City and Town Courts
Ordinance Violations
Some Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
Some Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Some Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the City and Town Courts
Protection, No Contact, and Restraining Orders
Most or all Protection, No Contact, and Restraining Orders cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
Some Protection, No Contact, and Restraining Orders cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
Administrative Agency Appeals
Some Administrative Agency Appeals cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
Some Administrative Agency Appeals cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
Criminal Circuit Courts Superior Courts City and Town Courts
Felony
Most or all Felony cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
Some Felony cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
Felony Preliminary Hearings
Some Felony Preliminary Hearings cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
Some Felony Preliminary Hearings cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
Misdemeanors
Some Misdemeanors cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
Some Misdemeanors cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Some Misdemeanors cases can be found in the City and Town Courts
Ordinance Violations
Some Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
Some Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Most or all Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the City and Town Courts
Juvenile
Most or all Juvenile cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
Some Juvenile cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
Traffic and Infractions
Some Traffic and Infractions cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
Some Traffic and Infractions cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Most or all Traffic and Infractions cases can be found in the City and Town Courts
Domestic Relations Circuit Courts Superior Courts City and Town Courts
Divorce
Some Divorce cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
Some Divorce cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
Child Custody and Visitation
Some Child Custody and Visitation cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
Some Child Custody and Visitation cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
Child Support
Some Child Support cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
Some Child Support cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
Paternity
Some Paternity cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
Some Paternity cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
Domestic Violence Protection Order
Some Domestic Violence Protection Order cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
Some Domestic Violence Protection Order cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
Juvenile Circuit Courts Superior Courts City and Town Courts
Adoptions
Some Adoptions cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
Some Adoptions cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
Juvenile Delinquency
Most or all Juvenile Delinquency cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
Some Juvenile Delinquency cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
Child Abuse and Neglect
Most or all Child Abuse and Neglect cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
Some Child Abuse and Neglect cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
Termination of Parental Rights
Most or all Termination of Parental Rights cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
Some Termination of Parental Rights cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
Children in Need of Supervision
Most or all Children in Need of Supervision cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
Some Children in Need of Supervision cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
Mental Health Circuit Courts Superior Courts City and Town Courts
Involuntary Commitments
Some Involuntary Commitments cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
Some Involuntary Commitments cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
Other Mental Health Cases
Some Other Mental Health Cases cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
Some Other Mental Health Cases cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
Probate Circuit Courts Superior Courts City and Town Courts
Wills & Estates
Some Wills & Estates cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
Most or all Wills & Estates cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
Name Changes
Some Name Changes cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
Some Name Changes cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
Trusts
Some Trusts cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
Most or all Trusts cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
Guardianships and Conservatorships
Some Guardianships and Conservatorships cases can be found in the Circuit Courts
Some Guardianships and Conservatorships cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 

Note: Some courts in Indiana are not included in the chart above. Please use the following links for descriptions and types of cases heard:
 
  Tax Court   Marion County Small Claims Courts   St. Joseph County Probate Court

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