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Finding Court Records in Idaho

Idaho Courts Overview

It helps to understand how the Idaho state court system works when you’re trying to find court records. The Idaho trial court system consists of District Courts and Magistrate Divisions.

District Courts are the primary trial courts of Idaho, but each District Court has a Magistrate Division that handles certain types of cases, including Small Claims. An independent Tribal Court system shares some jurisdiction with District Courts.

If you prefer, you can start your search by going to Idaho Courts by County.

Idaho District Courts

District Courts have original and general jurisdiction to hear all civil and criminal cases. District Courts each have a Magistrate Division that handles certain types of cases. District Courts typically handle cases that are beyond the jurisdiction of the Magistrate Division.

Criminal cases heard by District Courts include felonies and lesser included offenses.

Civil cases heard by District Courts include general civil cases with more than $10,000 in dispute. District Courts also handle some domestic relations, some probate and some juvenile cases.

Some District Court have specialized court divisions for certain types of cases. These court divisions include Adult Drug Courts, Adult Mental Health Courts, DUI Courts, Juvenile Drug Courts, Family Dependency Treatment Courts and Youth Courts.

Idaho Magistrate Divisions

Magistrate Divisions operate within District Courts and have limited jurisdiction over certain types of civil and criminal cases.

Criminal cases heard by Magistrate Divisions include misdemeanors and preliminary hearings for all criminal cases. Magistrate Divisions also handle traffic infractions.

Civil cases heard by Magistrate Divisions include general civil claims for less than $10,000, most domestic relations cases, most probate matters, most juvenile proceedings, guardianships of minors and adults, civil commitment, driver license suspension and name changes.

Magistrate divisions also have Small Claims departments for certain types of general civil claims within the financial limits. The dollar amount, value of the property, or combined total (if you are seeking a dollar amount and property) in your claim must be $5,000 or less. Punitive damages and damages for pain and suffering cannot be awarded in the Small Claims division, and jury trials are not available.

Idaho Tribal Courts

Idaho has an independent Tribal Court system that shares some civil and criminal jurisdiction with District Courts.

Where to Find Court Cases in Idaho

The chart below gives general information on the types of cases heard in each type of Idaho court.

Most Cases = Most or all cases.     Some Cases = Some cases.

Case Type Court Type
Civil District Courts Magistrate Divisions
General Civil - Unlimited Most or All Cases  
General Civil - Limited Some Cases Most or All Cases
Small Claims   Most or All Cases
Civil Equity Some Cases Some Cases
Complex Commercial Most or All Cases  
Foreclosures and Liens Some Cases Some Cases
Real Estate Title and Boundary Some Cases  
Landlord / Tenant   Some Cases
Ordinance Violations   Some Cases
Protection, No Contact, and Restraining Orders Some Cases Some Cases
Administrative Agency Appeals Some Cases Some Cases
Criminal District Courts Magistrate Divisions
Felony Most or All Cases  
Felony Preliminary Hearings Some Cases Some Cases
Misdemeanors Some Cases Most or All Cases
Ordinance Violations   Most or All Cases
Juvenile Some Cases Some Cases
Traffic and Infractions   Most or All Cases
Domestic Relations District Courts Magistrate Divisions
Divorce Some Cases Most or All Cases
Child Custody and Visitation Some Cases Most or All Cases
Child Support Some Cases Most or All Cases
Paternity Some Cases Most or All Cases
Domestic Violence Protection Order Some Cases Some Cases
Juvenile District Courts Magistrate Divisions
Adoptions Some Cases Most or All Cases
Juvenile Delinquency Some Cases Most or All Cases
Child Abuse and Neglect Some Cases Most or All Cases
Termination of Parental Rights Some Cases Most or All Cases
Children in Need of Supervision Some Cases Most or All Cases
Mental Health District Courts Magistrate Divisions
Involuntary Commitments Some Cases Most or All Cases
Other Mental Health Cases Some Cases Some Cases
Probate District Courts Magistrate Divisions
Wills & Estates Some Cases Most or All Cases
Name Changes   Most or All Cases
Trusts Some Cases Most or All Cases
Guardianships and Conservatorships Some Cases Most or All Cases

Find Idaho Courts by County

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