Criminal cases heard by District Courts include felonies and lesser-included offenses.
Civil cases heard by District Courts include general civil claims for more than $51,000. The financial limit on civil case jurisdiction is reviewed every fifth year and may vary over time.
District Courts also hear most domestic relations cases and appeals from administrative agency decisions. District Courts share some jurisdiction over certain types of domestic relations cases with County Courts.
Criminal cases heard by County Courts include misdemeanors, infractions and most violations of city and village ordinances.
Civil cases heard by County Courts include general civil claims for less than $51,000. The financial limit on civil case jurisdiction is reviewed every fifth year and may vary over time. Each County Court has a Small Claims division for most general civil claims withing certain financial limits.
County Courts have exclusive jurisdiction over most probate matters, most adoptions, and all juvenile matters if a separate Juvenile Court does not exist in the area. County Courts share jurisdiction with District Courts for certain types of cases, including some domestic relations cases.
In counties without Juvenile Courts, juvenile matters are heard by a County Court.
Nebraska currently has three separate Juvenile Courts.
Workers Compensation Court judges travel throughout the State to handle claims made under the Nebraska Workers’ Compensation Act.
Nebraska currently has Problem-Solving Court divisions in most districts, including Adult Drug Courts, Family Drug Treatment Courts, a Young Adult Drug Court, Juvenile Drug Courts, and DUI/Drug Treatment Courts.
|Case Type||Court Type|
|Civil||District Courts||County Courts||Juvenile Courts|
|General Civil - Unlimited|
|General Civil - Limited|
|Foreclosures and Liens|
|Real Estate Title and Boundary|
|Landlord / Tenant|
|Protection, No Contact, and Restraining Orders|
|Administrative Agency Appeals|
|Criminal||District Courts||County Courts||Juvenile Courts|
|Felony Preliminary Hearings|
|Traffic and Infractions|
|Domestic Relations||District Courts||County Courts||Juvenile Courts|
|Child Custody and Visitation|
|Domestic Violence Protection Order|
|Juvenile||District Courts||County Courts||Juvenile Courts|
|Child Abuse and Neglect|
|Termination of Parental Rights|
|Children in Need of Supervision|
|Mental Health||District Courts||County Courts||Juvenile Courts|
|Other Mental Health Cases|
|Probate||District Courts||County Courts||Juvenile Courts|
|Wills & Estates|
|Guardianships and Conservatorships|
Note: Some courts in Nebraska are not included in the chart above. Please use the following links for descriptions and types of cases heard:
Workers' Compensation Court