Home > Nebraska Court Guide

Finding Court Records in Nebraska

Nebraska Courts Overview

It helps to understand how the Nebraska state court system works when you’re trying to find court records. The Nebraska trial court system consists of District Courts, County Courts, Juvenile Courts, and Workers' Compensation Court.

District Courts have general jurisdiction over all civil and criminal cases, but usually only hear cases that are beyond the jurisdiction of other courts. County Courts have limited jurisdiction over certain types of civil and criminal cases. Juvenile Courts exist in some areas of the state and exercise limited jurisdiction over juvenile matters. The Workers' Compensation Court has limited jurisdiction over claims based on the Nebraska Workers' Compensation Act.

If you prefer, you can start your search by going to Nebraska Courts by County.

Nebraska District Courts

District Courts have general jurisdiction over all types of cases but usually handle cases that are beyond the jurisdiction of other courts.

Criminal cases heard by District Courts include felonies and lesser-included offenses.

Civil cases heard by District Courts include general civil claims for more than $53,000. The financial limit on civil case jurisdiction is reviewed every fifth year and may vary over time.

District Courts also hear most domestic relations cases and appeals from administrative agency decisions. District Courts share some jurisdiction over certain types of domestic relations cases with County Courts.

Nebraska County Courts

County Courts have limited jurisdiction over certain types of civil and criminal cases, including probate, juvenile, domestic relations, and general civil claims.

Criminal cases heard by County Courts include misdemeanors, infractions, and most violations of city and village ordinances. County Courts also hold preliminary hearings in felony cases.

Civil cases heard by County Courts include general civil claims involving $53,000 or less. The financial limit on civil case jurisdiction is reviewed every fifth year and may vary over time. Each County Court has a Small Claims division for most general civil claims within certain financial limits.

County Courts have exclusive jurisdiction over probate matters, unless a will contest is transferred to District Court at the request of one of the parties. County Courts have jurisdiction over most guardianships, conservatorships, and adoptions; and over juvenile matters unless a separate Juvenile Court exists in the county.

County Courts share jurisdiction with District Courts for certain types of cases, including some domestic relations cases.

Nebraska Juvenile Courts

Juvenile Courts have jurisdiction over all juvenile matters and may handle some domestic relations cases that concern the care, custody, or support for minor children.

In counties without Juvenile Courts, juvenile matters are heard by a County Court.

Nebraska currently has three separate Juvenile Courts, in Douglas, Lancaster, and Sarpy Counties.

Nebraska Workers' Compensation Court

The Workers' Compensation Court has statewide jurisdiction over cases related to workplace accidents and illnesses.

Workers' Compensation Court judges travel throughout the State to handle claims made under the Nebraska Workers’ Compensation Act.

Nebraska Problem-Solving Courts

Many Nebraska counties and judicial districts have Problem-Solving Court divisions that can set up treatment in lieu of incarceration for some offenders with substance abuse problems.

Problem-Solving Courts in Nebraska include Adult Drug Courts, Juvenile Drug Courts, Family Drug Courts, a Young Adult Drug Court, and a DUI/Drug Treatment Court.

Where to Find Court Cases in Nebraska

The chart below gives general information on the types of cases heard in each type of Nebraska court.

Most Cases = Most or all cases.     Some Cases = Some cases.

Case Type Court Type
Civil District Courts County Courts Juvenile Courts
General Civil - Unlimited Most or All Cases    
General Civil - Limited Some Cases Some Cases  
Small Claims   Most or All Cases  
Civil Equity Most or All Cases    
Complex Commercial Most or All Cases    
Foreclosures and Liens Some Cases Some Cases  
Real Estate Title and Boundary Some Cases Some Cases  
Landlord / Tenant   Most or All Cases  
Ordinance Violations   Most or All Cases Some Cases
Protection, No Contact, and Restraining Orders Most or All Cases    
Administrative Agency Appeals Most or All Cases    
Criminal District Courts County Courts Juvenile Courts
Felony Most or All Cases   Some Cases
Felony Preliminary Hearings Some Cases Some Cases  
Misdemeanors Some Cases Most or All Cases Some Cases
Ordinance Violations   Most or All Cases Some Cases
Juvenile   Some Cases Some Cases
Traffic and Infractions   Most or All Cases Some Cases
Domestic Relations District Courts County Courts Juvenile Courts
Divorce Most or All Cases Some Cases  
Child Custody and Visitation Most or All Cases Some Cases Some Cases
Child Support Most or All Cases Some Cases Some Cases
Paternity Most or All Cases Some Cases Some Cases
Domestic Violence Protection Order Most or All Cases    
Juvenile District Courts County Courts Juvenile Courts
Adoptions   Most or All Cases Some Cases
Juvenile Delinquency   Some Cases Some Cases
Child Abuse and Neglect   Some Cases Some Cases
Termination of Parental Rights   Some Cases Some Cases
Children in Need of Supervision   Some Cases Some Cases
Mental Health District Courts County Courts Juvenile Courts
Involuntary Commitments   Some Cases  
Other Mental Health Cases Some Cases Some Cases Some Cases
Probate District Courts County Courts Juvenile Courts
Wills & Estates Some Cases Most or All Cases  
Name Changes Some Cases Some Cases  
Trusts Some Cases Most or All Cases  
Guardianships and Conservatorships   Most or All Cases Some Cases

Find Nebraska Courts by County

Return to Top