The Guide to Utah Court Records

Overview of Utah Courts

The Utah trial court system consists of District Courts, Juvenile Courts, and Justice Courts.
 
District Courts have general jurisdiction over all civil and criminal cases, but typically handle cases beyond the jurisdiction of other courts. Juvenile Courts and Justice Courts have limited jurisdiction over certain types of civil and criminal cases.

Please select a Utah county below to view directory of all courts with links to court record resources for each court.
Find Utah court pages by Town or Zip Code.
Select a court record or online resource category below to view all resources at both the statewide and county level.
Go to the court records pages for another state.
Utah District Courts
District Courts have general jurisdiction over all civil and criminal cases, and typically handle cases that are beyond the jurisdiction of other courts.

Criminal cases typically heard by District Courts include felonies and Class A misdemeanors. District Courts have jurisdiction over Class B and C misdemeanors if there is no Justice Court with territorial jurisdiction, or if the offense is included in a single criminal episode that also includes a felony or Class A misdemeanor charge.

District Courts share jurisdiction with Juvenile Courts and Justice Courts over certain types of criminal cases involving adults, including contributing to the delinquency of a minor child and misdemeanor custodial interference. District Courts share jurisdiction with Juvenile Courts over violations of federal, state, local or municipal law when the defendant is over age 18 but within the continuing jurisdiction of a Juvenile Court due to a previous Juvenile Court case. District Courts have exclusive original jurisdiction over defendant minors aged 16 or older in certain types of criminal cases, including murder and aggravated murder.

Civil cases typically heard by District Courts include general civil claims for the recovery of money that exceed the financial or other limits on Justice Court jurisdiction. District Courts also handle divorce, child custody, child support, adoption, paternity, and probate matters. District Courts have jurisdiction over the guardianship of minors and cases involving child custody, child support, and child visitation when these cases are incidental to a District Court case.

District Courts may handle a child protective order case if a Juvenile Court transfers the case to District Court. District Courts share some jurisdiction with Juvenile Courts over paternity, guardianship of a minor and modifications to birth certificates, if any of these issues relate to a case within Juvenile Court jurisdiction.

District Courts also handle cases related to the discipline of attorneys, appeals of state or local administrative agency decisions, and appeals of Justice Court decisions.

District Courts may have court divisions organized by case type, including a Drug Court division for certain types of criminal cases involving defendants with a history of substance abuse.
Utah Juvenile Courts
Juvenile Courts have jurisdiction over certain types of civil and criminal cases. Juvenile Courts share jurisdiction over certain types of cases with District Courts and Justice Courts.

Juvenile Courts have exclusive jurisdiction over juvenile delinquency (violations of laws or ordinances by a person under 18 years of age), except for certain Class B and C misdemeanors committed by a person over 16 years of age, which are heard in Justice Court.

Juvenile Courts also have exclusive jurisdiction over certain juvenile traffic offenses, including vehicular homicide, driving under the influence of alcohol or drugs, reckless driving, joy riding, and attempting to elude police. Juvenile Courts will also handle some traffic and boating offenses that relate to delinquency cases within Juvenile Court jurisdiction.

Juvenile Courts also have exclusive jurisdiction over abused, neglected, and dependent children, child protective orders, emancipation of minors, termination of a parent-child relationship, adoptions of children after termination of a parent-child relationship, guardianship of minors unless the guardianship is incidental to a custody and support matter in District Court, involuntary treatment or commitment of a minor with a mental disability or illness, truancy, consent to marriage of a child under age 16, and ungovernable or runaway children. Juvenile courts may order parents of a child committed to a corrections facility to participate in group rehabilitation therapy.

Juvenile Courts share jurisdiction with District Courts over some cases involving child custody, support, and visitation; persons over 18 years of age who commit a crime while under the continuing supervision of Juvenile Court; and paternity testing of parties involved in abuse/neglect/dependency or termination of parental rights cases. Child protective order cases may be transferred to District Court under certain circumstances, especially when a parent is involved.

Juvenile Courts share jurisdiction with District Courts and Justice Courts over certain criminal cases with adult defendants, including contributing to the delinquency of a minor and misdemeanor custodial interference.

Juvenile courts may place juveniles under the supervision of the court's probation department, in foster care, and in other protective custody placements.

Juvenile Courts will handle cases involving minors under court supervision in other states if the minor is located in Utah.
Utah Justice Courts
Justice Courts have jurisdiction over certain types of civil and criminal cases that occur within their territorial jurisdiction.

Criminal cases heard by Justice Courts include most Class B and C misdemeanors, municipal ordinance violations, and infractions. Justice Courts also have jurisdiction over certain Class B and C misdemeanors, ordinance violations, and infractions committed by juveniles over 16 years of age.

Civil cases heard by Justice Courts are limited to small claims cases involving $10,000 or less, including attorney fees but excluding court costs and interest.

Justice Courts share jurisdiction with Juvenile Courts and District Courts over certain criminal cases with adult defendants, including contributing to the delinquency of a minor and misdemeanor custodial interference.

Justice Court cases may be appealed to District Court.
Utah Drug Courts
Many Utah counties and and judicial districts have Drug Court divisions that can set up treatment in lieu of incarceration for some offenders with substance abuse problems. Drug Courts in Utah include Adult Criminal Drug Courts, Dependency Drug Courts, and Juvenile Drug Courts.
Utah Tribal Courts
Several Native American nations in Utah operate their own independent judicial systems. The courts in these judicial systems are known as Tribal Courts. Tribal Courts have some civil and criminal jurisdiction and their orders may be enforced by the Utah state court system.

Where to find court cases in Utah
The chart below gives general information on the types of cases heard in each type of court in Utah.
 
Most Cases = Most or all cases.     Some Cases = Some cases.

Case Type Court Type
Civil District Courts Juvenile Courts Justice Courts
General Civil - Unlimited
Most or all General Civil - Unlimited cases can be found in the District Courts
 
 
General Civil - Limited
Some General Civil - Limited cases can be found in the District Courts
 
Most or all General Civil - Limited cases can be found in the Justice Courts
Small Claims
 
 
Most or all Small Claims cases can be found in the Justice Courts
Civil Equity
Most or all Civil Equity cases can be found in the District Courts
 
 
Complex Commercial
Most or all Complex Commercial cases can be found in the District Courts
 
 
Foreclosures and Liens
Some Foreclosures and Liens cases can be found in the District Courts
 
Some Foreclosures and Liens cases can be found in the Justice Courts
Real Estate Title and Boundary
Most or all Real Estate Title and Boundary cases can be found in the District Courts
 
 
Landlord / Tenant
Some Landlord / Tenant cases can be found in the District Courts
 
Some Landlord / Tenant cases can be found in the Justice Courts
Ordinance Violations
 
Some Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the Juvenile Courts
Most or all Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the Justice Courts
Protection, No Contact, and Restraining Orders
Most or all Protection, No Contact, and Restraining Orders cases can be found in the District Courts
Some Protection, No Contact, and Restraining Orders cases can be found in the Juvenile Courts
 
Administrative Agency Appeals
Most or all Administrative Agency Appeals cases can be found in the District Courts
 
 
Criminal District Courts Juvenile Courts Justice Courts
Felony
Most or all Felony cases can be found in the District Courts
 
 
Felony Preliminary Hearings
Most or all Felony Preliminary Hearings cases can be found in the District Courts
 
 
Misdemeanors
Most or all Misdemeanors cases can be found in the District Courts
Some Misdemeanors cases can be found in the Juvenile Courts
Most or all Misdemeanors cases can be found in the Justice Courts
Ordinance Violations
Some Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the District Courts
Some Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the Juvenile Courts
Most or all Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the Justice Courts
Juvenile
Some Juvenile cases can be found in the District Courts
Most or all Juvenile cases can be found in the Juvenile Courts
Some Juvenile cases can be found in the Justice Courts
Traffic and Infractions
Some Traffic and Infractions cases can be found in the District Courts
Some Traffic and Infractions cases can be found in the Juvenile Courts
Most or all Traffic and Infractions cases can be found in the Justice Courts
Domestic Relations District Courts Juvenile Courts Justice Courts
Divorce
Most or all Divorce cases can be found in the District Courts
 
 
Child Custody and Visitation
Most or all Child Custody and Visitation cases can be found in the District Courts
Some Child Custody and Visitation cases can be found in the Juvenile Courts
 
Child Support
Most or all Child Support cases can be found in the District Courts
Some Child Support cases can be found in the Juvenile Courts
 
Paternity
Most or all Paternity cases can be found in the District Courts
Some Paternity cases can be found in the Juvenile Courts
 
Domestic Violence Protection Order
Most or all Domestic Violence Protection Order cases can be found in the District Courts
 
 
Juvenile District Courts Juvenile Courts Justice Courts
Adoptions
Some Adoptions cases can be found in the District Courts
Some Adoptions cases can be found in the Juvenile Courts
 
Juvenile Delinquency
Some Juvenile Delinquency cases can be found in the District Courts
Most or all Juvenile Delinquency cases can be found in the Juvenile Courts
Some Juvenile Delinquency cases can be found in the Justice Courts
Child Abuse and Neglect
Some Child Abuse and Neglect cases can be found in the District Courts
Most or all Child Abuse and Neglect cases can be found in the Juvenile Courts
 
Termination of Parental Rights
Some Termination of Parental Rights cases can be found in the District Courts
Most or all Termination of Parental Rights cases can be found in the Juvenile Courts
 
Children in Need of Supervision
Some Children in Need of Supervision cases can be found in the District Courts
Most or all Children in Need of Supervision cases can be found in the Juvenile Courts
 
Mental Health District Courts Juvenile Courts Justice Courts
Involuntary Commitments
Most or all Involuntary Commitments cases can be found in the District Courts
Some Involuntary Commitments cases can be found in the Juvenile Courts
 
Other Mental Health Cases
Some Other Mental Health Cases cases can be found in the District Courts
Some Other Mental Health Cases cases can be found in the Juvenile Courts
 
Probate District Courts Juvenile Courts Justice Courts
Wills & Estates
Most or all Wills & Estates cases can be found in the District Courts
 
 
Name Changes
Most or all Name Changes cases can be found in the District Courts
Some Name Changes cases can be found in the Juvenile Courts
 
Trusts
Most or all Trusts cases can be found in the District Courts
 
 
Guardianships and Conservatorships
Some Guardianships and Conservatorships cases can be found in the District Courts
Some Guardianships and Conservatorships cases can be found in the Juvenile Courts
 

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