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The Guide to North Dakota Court Records


The North Dakota trial court system consists of District Courts and Municipal Courts.
 
District Courts have general jurisdiction over all civil and criminal cases, and usually only handles cases beyond the jurisdiction of Municipal Courts. Municipal Courts have limited jurisdiction over certain types of cases.

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Please select a North Dakota county below to view directory of all courts with links to court record resources for each court. Find North Dakota court pages by Town or Zip Code. Select a court record or online resource category below to view all resources at both the statewide and county level. Go to the court records pages for another state.
 


 
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North Dakota District Courts

District Courts have general jurisdiction over all civil and criminal cases, and generally do not handle trials for municipal ordinance violations that are within the jurisdiction Municipal Courts.

District Courts handle all criminal cases, and may handle municipal ordinance violations cases transferred from Municipal Courts if a right to a jury trial exists and a proper request is made.

District Courts handle all civil cases, including general civil, domestic relations, juvenile, mental health and probate matters.

Each District Court has a Small Claims Court division that handles most general civil claims for less than $5000, if both parties agree to Small Claims Court jurisdiction. The Small Claims Court division can hear cases for the recovery of money and cases involving the cancellation of agreements when mental fraud, deception, misrepresentation or false promise is alleged. If a case has complex facts or legal issues, it may be dismissed and can be filed in the regular civil division of District Court.

District Courts each have a Juvenile Court division with exclusive original jurisdiction over cases that allege a juvenile is unruly, delinquent or deprived.

Under certain circumstances, District Courts may exercise limited jurisdiction over some civil claims from Tribal territories, including claims related to guardians appointed by a Tribal Court and enforcement of certain Tribal Court orders.

North Dakota Municipal Courts

Municipal Courts have limited jurisdiction over certain types of cases and typically handle most violations of municipal ordinances.

Municipal Courts do not offer jury trials, so if a right to a jury trial exists and a proper request is made, the case will be transferred to District Court.

North Dakota Tribal Courts

North Dakota has a separate Tribal Court system that may interact with District Courts.

Under certain circumstances, District Courts may exercise limited jurisdiction over some civil claims from Tribal territories, including claims related to guardians appointed by a Tribal Court and enforcement of certain Tribal Court orders.

Where to find court cases in North Dakota

The chart below gives general information on the types of cases heard in each type of court in North Dakota.
 

Most Cases = Most or all cases.     Some Cases = Some cases.

Case Type Court Type
CivilDistrict CourtsMunicipal Courts
General Civil - Unlimited
 Most or all General Civil - Unlimited cases can be found in the District Courts
 
General Civil - Limited
 Most or all General Civil - Limited cases can be found in the District Courts
 
Small Claims
 Most or all Small Claims cases can be found in the District Courts
 
Civil Equity
 Most or all Civil Equity cases can be found in the District Courts
 
Complex Commercial
 Most or all Complex Commercial cases can be found in the District Courts
 
Foreclosures and Liens
 Most or all Foreclosures and Liens cases can be found in the District Courts
 
Real Estate Title and Boundary
 Most or all Real Estate Title and Boundary cases can be found in the District Courts
 
Landlord / Tenant
 Most or all Landlord / Tenant cases can be found in the District Courts
 
Ordinance Violations
 Some Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the District Courts
 Most or all Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the Municipal Courts
Protection, No Contact, and Restraining Orders
 Most or all Protection, No Contact, and Restraining Orders cases can be found in the District Courts
 
Administrative Agency Appeals
 Most or all Administrative Agency Appeals cases can be found in the District Courts
 
CriminalDistrict CourtsMunicipal Courts
Felony
 Most or all Felony cases can be found in the District Courts
 
Felony Preliminary Hearings
 Most or all Felony Preliminary Hearings cases can be found in the District Courts
 
Misdemeanors
 Most or all Misdemeanors cases can be found in the District Courts
 
Ordinance Violations
 Some Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the District Courts
 Most or all Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the Municipal Courts
Juvenile
 Most or all Juvenile cases can be found in the District Courts
 
Traffic and Infractions
 Some Traffic and Infractions cases can be found in the District Courts
 Most or all Traffic and Infractions cases can be found in the Municipal Courts
Domestic RelationsDistrict CourtsMunicipal Courts
Divorce
 Most or all Divorce cases can be found in the District Courts
 
Child Custody and Visitation
 Most or all Child Custody and Visitation cases can be found in the District Courts
 
Child Support
 Most or all Child Support cases can be found in the District Courts
 
Paternity
 Most or all Paternity cases can be found in the District Courts
 
Domestic Violence Protection Order
 Most or all Domestic Violence Protection Order cases can be found in the District Courts
 
JuvenileDistrict CourtsMunicipal Courts
Adoptions
 Most or all Adoptions cases can be found in the District Courts
 
Juvenile Delinquency
 Most or all Juvenile Delinquency cases can be found in the District Courts
 
Child Abuse and Neglect
 Most or all Child Abuse and Neglect cases can be found in the District Courts
 
Termination of Parental Rights
 Most or all Termination of Parental Rights cases can be found in the District Courts
 
Children in Need of Supervision
 Most or all Children in Need of Supervision cases can be found in the District Courts
 
Mental HealthDistrict CourtsMunicipal Courts
Involuntary Commitments
 Most or all Involuntary Commitments cases can be found in the District Courts
 
Other Mental Health Cases
 Most or all Other Mental Health Cases cases can be found in the District Courts
 
ProbateDistrict CourtsMunicipal Courts
Wills & Estates
 Most or all Wills & Estates cases can be found in the District Courts
 
Name Changes
 Most or all Name Changes cases can be found in the District Courts
 
Trusts
 Most or all Trusts cases can be found in the District Courts
 
Guardianships and Conservatorships
 Most or all Guardianships and Conservatorships cases can be found in the District Courts
 


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