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The Guide to New Jersey Court Records

Overview of New Jersey Courts

The New Jersey trial court system consists of Superior Courts, Surrogate's Courts, Municipal Courts, and Tax Court.
 
Superior Courts have general jurisdiction over all civil and criminal cases but generally handle cases beyond the jurisdiction of other courts. Municipal Courts have limited jurisdiction over some types of criminal cases. The New Jersey Tax Court is a specialized court that handles certain tax cases for the entire state.

Please select a New Jersey county below to view directory of all courts with links to court record resources for each court.
Find New Jersey court pages by Town or Zip Code.
Select a court record or online resource category below to view all resources at both the statewide and county level.
Go to the court records pages for another state.
New Jersey Superior Courts
Superior Courts have general jurisdiction over all civil and criminal cases, and generally only handle cases that are beyond the jurisdiction of other courts.

Superior Courts may have divisions based on case type, such as civil, criminal, family, housing, general equity/chancery, probation or municipal.

The Family Part of Superior Court has exclusive original jurisdiction over all non-criminal child abuse or neglect cases, all matters relating to a juvenile-family crisis and juvenile delinquency cases that do not involve allegations of murder or manslaughter. The Family Part also handles divorce, annulment, maintenance, child support, parental notification waivers, adoption, paternity and cases related to domestic violence.

The Probate Part of Superior Court has exclusive jurisdiction over all contested probate matters, and some uncontested probate matters enumerated by statute. It has general oversight of Surrogate's Court proceedings.

Superior Courts may transfer cases to The New Jersey Tax Court when taxation expertise is appropriate. Superior Courts may grant Municipal Courts jurisdiction to handle motor vehicle cases resulting in death or bodily injury.
New Jersey Surrogate's Courts
Surrogate's Courts have jurisdiction over uncontested probate matters, such as admitting wills to probate, appointing personal representatives and administrators of estates, and appointing guardians of minors.

Surrogates are elected county officials as well as judicial officers, and serve as judges of Surrogate's Court and as Deputy Clerks of Superior Court, Chancery Division, Probate and Family Parts. All probate matters and adoption papers must be filed in the Surrogate's Office.
New Jersey Municipal Courts
Municipal Courts have jurisdiction over certain types of criminal cases.

Cases typically heard by Municipal Courts include felony preliminary hearings, violations of county or municipal ordinances, most violations of motor vehicle and traffic laws, most "disorderly person" offenses and violations of fish, game and boating laws. Municipal Courts may also handle "crimes of the fourth degree" and crimes punishable by imprisonment of less than one year.

Municipal Courts do not have jurisdiction over motor vehicle cases involving death or serious bodily injury, unless jurisdiction over a case is specifically granted by a Superior Court.

Many New Jersey municipalities have consolidated their courts into a single joint court, or agreed to share their individual court services at a single location.
New Jersey Tax Court
The New Jersey Tax Court has limited jurisdiction to review actions or regulations about tax matters involving a State agency, a State official, a county board of taxation or a county or municipal official. The Tax Court has a Small Claims division for certain tax cases.

The Tax Court will also handle cases transferred from Superior Courts when taxation expertise is appropriate for the case.

The Tax Court hears cases for the entire State and, while court sessions may occur in other cities, the Tax Court Management Office in Trenton handles all contacts and information for the Tax Court.

Where to find court cases in New Jersey
The chart below gives general information on the types of cases heard in each type of court in New Jersey.
 
Most Cases = Most or all cases.     Some Cases = Some cases.

Case Type Court Type
Civil Superior Courts Surrogate's Courts Municipal Courts
General Civil - Unlimited
Most or all General Civil - Unlimited cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
General Civil - Limited
Some General Civil - Limited cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Small Claims
Most or all Small Claims cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Civil Equity
Most or all Civil Equity cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Complex Commercial
Most or all Complex Commercial cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Foreclosures and Liens
Most or all Foreclosures and Liens cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Real Estate Title and Boundary
Most or all Real Estate Title and Boundary cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Landlord / Tenant
Most or all Landlord / Tenant cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Ordinance Violations
Some Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
Most or all Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the Municipal Courts
Protection, No Contact, and Restraining Orders
Most or all Protection, No Contact, and Restraining Orders cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Administrative Agency Appeals
Most or all Administrative Agency Appeals cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Criminal Superior Courts Surrogate's Courts Municipal Courts
Felony
Most or all Felony cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Felony Preliminary Hearings
Some Felony Preliminary Hearings cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
Some Felony Preliminary Hearings cases can be found in the Municipal Courts
Misdemeanors
Some Misdemeanors cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
Some Misdemeanors cases can be found in the Municipal Courts
Ordinance Violations
Some Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
Most or all Ordinance Violations cases can be found in the Municipal Courts
Juvenile
Most or all Juvenile cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Traffic and Infractions
Some Traffic and Infractions cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
Most or all Traffic and Infractions cases can be found in the Municipal Courts
Domestic Relations Superior Courts Surrogate's Courts Municipal Courts
Divorce
Most or all Divorce cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Child Custody and Visitation
Most or all Child Custody and Visitation cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Child Support
Most or all Child Support cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Paternity
Most or all Paternity cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Domestic Violence Protection Order
Most or all Domestic Violence Protection Order cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Juvenile Superior Courts Surrogate's Courts Municipal Courts
Adoptions
Most or all Adoptions cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Juvenile Delinquency
Most or all Juvenile Delinquency cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Child Abuse and Neglect
Most or all Child Abuse and Neglect cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Termination of Parental Rights
Most or all Termination of Parental Rights cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Children in Need of Supervision
Most or all Children in Need of Supervision cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Mental Health Superior Courts Surrogate's Courts Municipal Courts
Involuntary Commitments
Most or all Involuntary Commitments cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Other Mental Health Cases
Most or all Other Mental Health Cases cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Probate Superior Courts Surrogate's Courts Municipal Courts
Wills & Estates
Some Wills & Estates cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Most or all Wills & Estates cases can be found in the Surrogate
 
Name Changes
Most or all Name Changes cases can be found in the Superior Courts
 
 
Trusts
Some Trusts cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Most or all Trusts cases can be found in the Surrogate
 
Guardianships and Conservatorships
Some Guardianships and Conservatorships cases can be found in the Superior Courts
Most or all Guardianships and Conservatorships cases can be found in the Surrogate
 

Note: Some courts in New Jersey are not included in the chart above. Please use the following links for descriptions and types of cases heard:
 
  Tax Court

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