Overview of Oklahoma Courts
In order to find Oklahoma court records, it's helpful to understand how the state court system works. Each state varies and we've compiled this information to help your search. You can also start your search by going directly to courts by county.
The Oklahoma trial court system consists of District Courts, Municipal Courts, Workers' Compensation Court, and Court of Tax Review.
District Courts and Municipal Courts are the primary trial courts in Oklahoma. District Courts have general jurisdiction and handle most civil and criminal cases. Municipal Courts have limited jurisdiction over certain types of criminal cases. Oklahoma also has specialized courts that handle limited types of civil cases for the entire state, including The Court on the Judiciary, The Workers\' Compensation Court and The Court of Tax Review.
Each District Court has a Small Claims division that handles most general civil claims for less than $6000, exclusive of attorney fees and costs. The Small Claims Court handle most cases seeking money damages based on a contract or tort, the return of personal property valued at less than $6000, and interpleader when less than $6000 is in dispute. Certain types of parties, including collection agents, and certain types of claims against a city, county or state agency may not be heard in Small Claims Court.
District Courts may have specialized divisions for certain types of cases, including Business Court and Drug Courts. In counties with large populations, a Business Court division may exist to handle complex commercial cases. District Courts may have a Drug Court division and/or a Juvenile Drug Court division to handle some non-violent criminal cases where the defendant has a treatable condition or addiction.
The Court of Tax Review is a specialized panel that operates out of one office location and handles certain types of civil cases for the entire state.
District Courts have jurisdiction previously exercised by abolished Oklahoma courts as well as the civil jurisdiction formerly granted to Municipal Courts. Municipal Courts continue to exist in some cities and towns in Oklahoma, but Municipal Courts only handle certain types of criminal and traffic cases.
There are two types of Municipal Courts, referred to as either \"of record\" or \"not of record.\" Cases typically heard by Municipal Courts \'of record\' include most violations of parking, traffic, criminal and environmental ordinances and some misdemeanor criminal cases. Cases heard by Municipal Courts \'not of record\' are limited to violations of municipal ordinances.
The Court of Tax Review handles cases for the entire state from one office location.
|Case Type||Court Type|
|Civil||District Courts||Municipal Courts|
|General Civil - Unlimited|
|General Civil - Limited|
|Foreclosures and Liens|
|Real Estate Title and Boundary|
|Landlord / Tenant|
|Protection, No Contact, and Restraining Orders|
|Administrative Agency Appeals|
|Criminal||District Courts||Municipal Courts|
|Felony Preliminary Hearings|
|Traffic and Infractions|
|Domestic Relations||District Courts||Municipal Courts|
|Child Custody and Visitation|
|Domestic Violence Protection Order|
|Juvenile||District Courts||Municipal Courts|
|Child Abuse and Neglect|
|Termination of Parental Rights|
|Children in Need of Supervision|
|Mental Health||District Courts||Municipal Courts|
|Other Mental Health Cases|
|Probate||District Courts||Municipal Courts|
|Wills & Estates|
|Guardianships and Conservatorships|